Many states have similar laws

In The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson, Dr. Jekyll creates a magic potion which
transforms him into the killer Mr. Hyde. An unknown
impurity (pollutant) is what makes the magic potion work.

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) knows the
known (and unknown) pollutants in sludge can
kill you and the solid waste law is based on the 1991 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
(RCRA)/Clean Water
(CWA) sludge disposal regulation part 258. This is the “minimum national criteria (to) ensure the protection of
human health and the environment” and defines
sludge from any pollution control treatment plant as a solid waste.

Virginia Department of Health’s (VDH) implied lack of knowledge about environmental law as well as
800 hazardous
substances and 126 toxic priority pollutants is the magic which transforms sludge into biosolids. The VDH Biosolids
law refers to nine metals (hazardous substances - toxic pollutants) as trace elements (five are inhalation carcinogens).
Even EPA, who based the part 503 sludge policy on
exclusions in federal law, listed the nine metals as pollutants in
part 503, and noted in part 503.9(t) that either direct exposure or indirect exposure to the pollutants through the air,
water or food chain could cause death, disease, cancer or worse. Even though part
503.4 states that part 258 is the
legal sludge disposal regulation meeting minimum RCRA/CWA human health and environment requirements, VDH is
issuing permits for disposal where you could be exposed to the pollutants through the air, water and food chain.
However, according to EPA’s
senior sludge scientist, Robert Bastian, (12/2005), Virginia has never received EPA
approval to issue disposal permits for beneficial biosolids use.

The legal authorities (federal, state, county and municipal) are quick to tell you that ignorance of the laws is no excuse
for violating the laws and regulations. It is even against the law for you to lie to these authorities. . However, it appears to
be acceptable for third parties with little or no knowledge about sludge to
mislead you, contractors and state

As an example: In 1997, Virginia Tech’s Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Cooperative
Extension, did a sludge/biosolids rainfall pollution runoff test on plots 25 feet wide by 55 feet long in Louisa County. It
was the unscientific opinion of the authors, G.K. Evanylo, et al., that “The high amounts of E. Coli transported in the
runoff likely emanated from the animal manure on the pasture.” Why would Evanylo assure you E. coli runoff from a
carefully controlled scientific sludge test site was from animal manure, when he listed E. coli in “A partial list of
pathogens that can be found in municipal wastewater and solids and diseases or symptoms they cause”? In fact, VDH’s
sludge law on unlabelled sludge/biosolids sold to the public allows 1,000,000 cfu of E. coli per kilogram.

Furthermore, in spite of the fact that domestic wastewater comes only from home residences without hospital and
industrial pollutants in it, Evanylo claims, “Biosolids are produced primarily through biological treatment of domestic

Moreover, federal law defines sludge from the treatment of household domestic sewage as a solid waste; states it does
not have data on most pollutants; and states exposure to the pollutants in sludge could cause death, disease, cancer,
etc.. Yet, Evanylo claims, “Biosolids are solid, semi-solid or liquid materials, resulting from treatment of domestic sewage,
that have been sufficiently processed to permit these materials to be safely land-applied.”

Yet, in 1995, EPA acknowledged it
did not do a risk assessment on the ten metal pollutants, or pathogens, and the
risk assessment it did for the 13 cancer causing organic pollutants
(VDH -Table 13) was not included in the regulation.
Yet, Evanylo assures you that “Quality standards and limits for pollutants in biosolids were developed from extensive
environmental risk assessments conducted by scientists at the U.S. EPA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.”

The Jekyll and Hyde syndrome at VDH: While VDH’s Division of Wastewater Engineering is putting your health at risk by
forcing you to accept sludge/biosolids use with no regulatory control over the total pollutants, VDH’s Office of
Environmental Health Services may be trying to redeem itself by expanding the range of deadly pollutants in biosolids:
“Biosolids are a complex mixture that can contain pollutants from household, commercial and industrial wastewaters
such as metals, pathogens (which are disease-causing organisms), and chemical pollutants such as medicines and
synthetic organic compounds like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). At uncontrolled levels, these pollutants could
accumulate in soils or crops, which could potentially affect
our health and the health of animals, as well as the long
standing health of our lands and waters.”

In the air, according to VDH’s Division of Health Hazards Control, “
Bioaerosols include microbial cells (microorganisms),
their reproductive units, and associated metabolites that are volatile or small enough to sufficiently achieve aerial
dispersion. Categories of bioaerosols include viruses, bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa and their products (Burge,
1990a). ----- Under certain environmental conditions, many bioaerosols can cause varying symptoms, disorders, and
diseases in humans, and they can survive for extended periods.”

Like Dr. Jekyll, VDH has made a minor confession about the dangers of sludge/biosolids being forced on Virginia
citizens. However, it is unlikely that VDH will commit suicide like Mr. Hyde. Virginia citizens will have to bring pressure to
bear on the legislators who allowed VDH to put your health and the environment in danger, based on an EPA policy..

Jim Bynum