Damage Control by EPA/WEF
At about the same time Zander's dairy herd was being destroyed by sludge in Washington,
Ruane's dairy herd was being destroyed in Vermont. But, they were not the only dairy herds
destroyed. Ed Rollor's dairy herd in Missouri was destroyed. In
Georgia, the Boyce and
McElmurray dairy herds were destroyed.

EPA and the Water Environment Federation (WEF) focused their damage control on Zander and
Number 2 on the list to debunk was the Linda Zander story.  Linda and Raymond Zander
became the victims of land application of sewage sludge. As a result of their exposure, through
both air and water, to the various toxic contaminants in the sewage sludge, the odds of this
middle-aged couple living to a ripe old age are slim to none.  

Linda is suffering from chemically-induced brain damage, thyroid problems, and immune
system damage. She also had mycoplasma pneumonia. Raymond suffers from hypothyroid,
lupus and nickel toxicity. As nickel is also a carcinogen, he is faced with the prospect that he
could also develop cancer. Linda's eyesight has also been affected; she has been warned that
here is a possibility that she could go blind. The terrible physical and mental suffering that they
have had to endure,   through no fault of their own, is etched in their faces, the pallor of their
skin and the carriage of their bodies. It has aged them. Linda's once blonde hair, now turned
dark, is streaked with gray. Raymond's once clear, expressive, blue eyes are now dull and
expressionless reflecting the pain that he daily suffers.

For twenty eight years Linda and Raymond had lived in a ; picturesque yellow two story house
on their productive dairy  farm in Lynden, Washington. The house was majestically situated on
a well manicured lawn, abundantly surrounded by fruit trees and sugar maples and
rhodendroms that every spring burst into bloom. Then the tragedy struck.

Linda and  Raymond became unknowing victims when Western Services, a sewage sludge
hauler, began spreading sludge on a 70 acre  permitted site adjacent to the Zander's farm
near Lynden, Washington.  Within a year after the sludge application, changes began
occurring in their normally healthy dairy cows." The records from the Whatcom Community
College Farm Management show the milk average from their dairy dropped from 19,892 Ibs. in
1988 to 16,575 Ibs. in 1990.  By 1989, several cows had developed severe arthritis in their  
hindquarters. Calves were being born with strange tendon   abnormalities.

Becoming alarmed by the worsening condition of the herd, the Zanders contacted Dr. Susan
Cook, an independent water quality specialist, to analyze their well water. When Dr. Cook
analyzed samples from the Zanders' well and the wells in the area that had a similar soil profile,
she found the Zanders' well contained nickel and tin not found in the other wells and normally
not found in any rural wells.  Checking sludge analyses reports for 5 of the municipalities
whose  sewage sludge was being spread on the adjacent property, they discovered the metals
found in the well were also found in the sludge. At about the same time the dairy herd was
being adversely affected from drinking the tainted well water, Linda and Raymond, who also
drank the well water, were starting to experience ill health.

Linda learned the hard way that the regulatory agencies (county, state and federal) who are
responsible for ensuring the health and well-being of its citizens will do nothing to help them.
When Linda went to Whatcom County Health Department seeking their help, she knew she
would get no assistance from anyone in the department when she learned that it was the
Health Department who had approved the land application of the sludge that was making them
ill. In 1988, the Whatcom County Health Department had issued a permit, with the approval of
the State Department of Ecology as required by state Law, for the land application of sludge
on the Van Dalen Farm. The county renewed it in 1989, without the approval by the state as
required by the state law. When Linda presented evidence to the County showing that the
permit should not have been issued in the first place and 'u; asking that it be revoked, her
evidence was ignored and the permit was re-issued with out the approval by the state.

The permit to spread sludge should never have been granted in the first place because of the
pH of the soil. Soil samples taken from the site adjacent to the Zanders'   property showed a
pH of. 4.8 to 5.5 which did not meet site regulation requirement of the State and Federal
governments which required a pH of 6.5. The Guidelines for sludge application of the
Department of Ecology (D.O.E.) stated that soil with a low pH allows heavy metals to mobilize
and move into plant tissue and ground water. The highly acid peat soil allowed the toxic metals
in the Van Dalen's soil to leach out of the soil and into the ground water which contaminated
the Zanders' drinking water well.

Further investigation revealed that toxic chemicals from the site were also volatizing into the
air. They were inhaling as well as ingesting the toxic poisons. It wasn't until the Zanders
appeared before the Whatcom County Hearing Examiner, Edward Good, contesting the re-
permitting that they were able to stop the sludge dumping. The permit was revoked by Good
with prejudice and prima facie facts—68 findings of fact in violations of the law. The permit had
been wrongly granted.  Although the Zanders had stopped the legal dumping of sludge, illegal
dumping was carried on in the early hours of the night,

In a series of personal interviews and correspondences, Linda Zander related to us the terrible
ordeal she and her family have gone through, the painful, debilitating diseases they are daily
suffering from, their callous treatment by the County, and State whom they turned to for help,
destruction of their livelihood, shuning by some of their neighbors, harassing phone calls at all
hours, destruction, of their property, threats to their lives, and finally bankruptcy.

The Zanders no longer live in the picturesque yellow two story house. Pollution on their farm
became so great that they were forced to move from their home of twenty-six years, the home
they had planned to live in until they died.

Many of their trees are now dead or dying.  Although the rhodendromes will still bloom in the
spring, they will not be there to see them. It is eerily quiet there now.  No dairy cattle are
lowing, and no children are laughing and playing on the well-manicured lawn. The croaking of
frogs is no longer heard for they have disappeared from the polluted creek. Salmon no longer
swim in the creek.  Pollutants in the creek sediment have destroyed the eggs, the fry and the

Linda has only returned one time to the farm since they moved.
 Dr. Singer, a
neurotoxicologist, psychologist who is a noted expert in his field, asked her to accompany him
back to the farm. They were there less than 15 minutes before they were driven out by the
pollution which caused headaches, sinus congestion, shortness of breath, irritated eyes and  

National Sludge Alliance News Brief, dated 2/98
From: Charlotte Hartman:
Linda Zander's farm went to auction by the government FHA, there were no takers even for
one dollar. The Zanders placed disclosure on all three titles but the environmental assessment
and most of the contaminates, combinations of materials and the water borne Parasites,
Blastocystis Hominis were not considered by FHA. FHA is now worried about liability and it has
been suggested that lands be placed in priority conservation easement for 40 years, board up
the house and let it sit!

No one can tell Linda's story of the physical suffering and mental duress she and her family
have had to endure better than Linda herself. I have chosen excerpts from Linda's diaries
where she painfully describes the ordeal they were put through because they happened to
have the misfortune to live next to land where sewage sludge was applied,  


We are now suffering economically as well as physically. The bank has refused to give us the
operational farm loan that they had already approved and which was federally - secured by
FHA.  Without the loan, we are going to be forced to sell our remaining dairy herd and file    
bankruptcy. We will have to let our farm and home go back to the FHA in payment of our debt.

Destruction of Property

Our car has been maliciously damaged on rear top of fender and scratched across the top.
More harassment— plain and simple.

Dad arrived—small caliber gun shot out his camper window last night. Shell's inside
somewhere. I called the sheriff for him. We will file a harassment complaint.  

Dave,   our milker,   had his  car broken into,   window broken too.


Got a harassing phone call from a female. She wanted to talk to Sindraella Zandella. Called it
in. It should be very interesting to find out who is doing this.

Another harassing phone call. This time asked for jock strap. It was a male voice. Must get
police number and recorder on Tuesday. Enough is enough.

Dad was here today. His bank, statements, and personal mail are being opened and taped
shut. I called David, the postal inspector, and mailed the envelope to him.Mail from Bricklin was
opened. We are horrified. First our phone was tapped, now the mail is opened. Tampering
with the mail is a crime. Sent the opened letter to the Federal Postal Investigator. We will have
to get a post office box in Bellingham tomorrow.        

Mental Duress     

I am terribly sad and feel like crying again. There is no end to what these people have done to
all of us. How can this go on and on? When will we get relief? We just feel like walking out of
here. It physically and mentally hurts us to be here; twenty five years of farming and its down
the drain. All our hopes and dreams  for a comfortable retirement are gone.
I wonder if more of us will die before we get out of here. To look at this place, one would ever
know it's contaminated. Funny how looks can be deceiving.   

Midnight Dumping

There was an illegal dump of sewage sludge last night in the neighborhood. The smell
permeates the air. Ray and I are both extremely sensitive to it.

Unbelievable but Western Services are still night dumping. Tanker truck and train came into
Van Dalens last night.

Western Services did it again. Time 1:50 a.m. The sewage smell woke me up, I am nauseated,
my sinuses hurt, head aches, its hard to breathe,

Physical symptoms

Ray and I are both physically spent! I'm. terribly sleepy and tired. Ray is the same and has a
sinus infection. Our resistance to infections is very low. My eyes are sore and red.

Nickel tests came back and Ray is showing nickel exceeding a level considered maximum. Our
research was right on and we were right. Synergistic effect also with tin, nickel and manganese
exceed lead. No wonder Ray is in pain!

Ray is in excruciating pain. Ibeprophen doesn't help much and he is sleeping in a chair! I hurt
and have had a headache that just goes on and on. Medicine helps but as soon as its effects
wear off, pain again.   

Our health symptoms match our cows. That is not comforting, in fact, it's scary! What will be
the long term effects from chronic exposure? The new book on toxic effects of metals shows
Ray is in the 90% risk for carcinogenic tumors and lung problems from nickel. That is most

Ashley and Diana just left. I worry so much about them. What will be the long-term effects on
my precious little grandaughters? They were exposed in the womb to lead and other heavy
metals.  Diana, in particular is already exhibiting diminished mental capacity and learning
disabilities from the contamination. When her formula was mixed with water from our well, we
had no idea that the water was contaminated.  She's also suffering from stomach and liver

Diana picked up blastocystis hominis, a waterborne parasite, found only in human feces.
Although we no longer drank the water, we still used it to bathe. The medicine they gave her to
get rid of it has left her with an irritated stomach

The Polluted air        

The air was so intense and putrid you could actually taste it in your mouth and smell it in your
perspiration. The smell of urine, feces, rotten vegetables permeated the air.

Reaction of the County

Talked to Bert Brainerd, the health officer. He listened to my complaint that sludge was making
us sick, and then he said, "What are we going to do with it?" I told him if it was so safe, put it in
city hall. After standing there with his mouth partly open he said "but there's  hardly anybody
out there." Meaning we don't count; we are expendable,

Threats to our lives

If we hadn't had those four big dogs, we wouldn't be alive today. Last night we were awakened
from our sleep by the dogs loud nonstop barking. When we let them out of the garage and the
house suspecting someone up to no good might be out there, they took off. We heard a
ferocious growl from the Malamute, then someone yelling, and a car starting up.  The next
morning we found a steel rod in the path in front of the house.

When we called the law, the officer who came out said when we showed him the steel rod, "The
news would have read couple killed by a blunt instrument—and this steel rod
would have been the murder weapon." The Malamute must have grabbed whoever was
holding the steel rod by the wrist forcing him to drop it,

Another attempt on my life. When I was coming down the Trapline Rd. toward Everson, a red
3/4 ton pickup truck headed straight for me on my side of the road. To avoid being forced off
the road, I stopped dead still, I don't know what would have happened to me if a county road
maintenance truck hadn't come along then. When the driver of the red pickup saw the
maintenance truck, he crossed over to his own side of the road and continued South.

Another near miss today.  I'm glad I listened to the lawyer's advice about taking different roads
and not the same one every time I went out. I never noticed the one ton truck that was
following me West on Pangborn, but my folks who lived just off the road did.  They told me the
truck followed me for awhile, then turned off the road taking a short cut which would have put it
on the road I used to drive everyday, I wonder what surprise was waiting for me there.  He was
the one who got the surprise, I didn't take that road.    

A light green farm pickup with a gas tank on the back almost got Ray today while he was on
the tractor. It was traveling right at him at a high speed that Ray estimated was in excess of 90
miles per hour. Ray was able to get far enough away to avoid getting hit. He was lucky the way
the land was sloping that when he was forced off the road that he didn't turn the tractor over
on top of him. If he had the murder would have looked like an accident.        

Ray fears that I will be killed. So many that we have helped are winning their fight against the
so called "beneficial use" of sludge that are making people sick and destroying property and
livelihoods. I do believe Ray may be right, but I will continue to help anyone I can; I do not fear

When Linda learned from her research on sewage sludge, that it was being widely promoted
for land application all over the country, she knew that she and Ray and her family  were not
and would not be the only victims. Linda, who is a very caring and compassionate person,
created a non-profit organization called Help For Sewage Victims to offer any  victims of
sewage sludge—advice, information, a data base, and a sympathetic ear.  Since its inception,
Help for Sewage Victims has been very effective in combating the spreading of sewage
sludge.  Zander's story and stories of others harmed by sewage sludge have been reported in
over 30 newspapers and 4 farming magazines since 1991 as well as in John Stauber and
Sheldon Rarapton's book, TOXIC SLUDGE IS GOOD FOR YOU!  (1995)

Through Zander's efforts and those of other tireless workers in grassroot movements across
the United States, the harmful effects of land application of sewage sludge, sewage sludge
composting and pelletizing are coming to light.

Seeking recompense for the harm done them, Linda and Ray and their family filed suit against
the sludge hauler, Western Services Inc., the district of Birch Bay, the towns of Lynden,
Everson, Nooksack, and Sumas, Whatcom County, and Van Dalen in 1991. When Linda went
to the courts seeking justice for the terrible wrongs that were done to her and her family, she
learned the painful truth that the justice system in the United States can be subverted by legal
and procedural issues. The suit against Whatcom County and the municipalities were
dismissed by summary judgment by the Whatcom County Superior Court on October 8, 1993.

The Zanders' claim against the various municipalities was dismissed when their attorneys,
Bricklin and Collins, failed to comply with the municipal claims statute 40 CFR Part 135
which states a 60 day notice has to be given before a suit can be filed under the Clean Water

When the Zanders appealed the decision to the Washington Court of Appeals, the Court
affirmed the trial court decision on July 31, 1995. The Zanders' legal battle ended when the
Washington Supreme Court refused to review the decision. When they brought a malpractice
suit against Bricklin and Collins, the Superior Court of the State of Washington granted
summary judgment of dismissal to the defendants, Bricklin and Collins, under the Public Duty
Doctrine, Although the judge noted that the state did have a responsibility to protect the
individuals, the cities involved had a duty to dispose of the sewage sludge— and they were
only doing their job.

The Zanders' are appealing the decision of summary judgment. The Zanders' have never had
their day in court where they could address the sludge issues.  Powerful entities (Washington
State Department of Environment and Ecology and King County Department of Metropolitan
Services) have conspired to prevent this from ever happening.  According to documented
evidence, on February 22, 1993, two State Department of Environment and Ecology
Representatives, Al Hanson, and Kyle Dorsey, four King County Metro representatives, Mark
Lucas, Carol Ready, Steve Gilbert, Dan Sturgill and their legal counsel, Salley Tenney, of the
Metro Legal Services, Mel Kemper of the City of Tacoma, Hal Thurston, an attorney
representing the cities that were involved in the Zanders1 lawsuits and four individuals also
associated with the Zander law suit, met in a closed meeting to discuss the Zander Case.

According to Keith A.  Bode, as recorded in the Zander Action Summary, the legal cost to stop
her will exceed 500,000 dollars. Bode warned those in attendance at the meeting that  Zander
had to be stopped. He said that she had identified 18 medical experts (including physicians,  
immunologists, toxicologists, and nutritionists), 9 veterinarians, 2   property
valuation/devaluation experts, 3 soil/hydraulic/geologic experts and 1 testing lab who would
testify about the dangers of sewage sludge use to humans and animals. Bode warned that
there would be extra-regional impact and "This action must not be settled". He reminded

"The public persona of biosolids is precarious, at best, and each member of WEF and
AMSA can be assured that Zander appears dedicated to capitalizing on every
available opportunity to publicize her scare story...and remember, with respect to
land application, the farming community comprises less than 2% of the population, so
she need only reach a narrow population to cripple land application. It is essential
that her soapbox be removed and her credibility challenged before our regional
problem has any more effect (than she has now) nationally or internationally on land
application of biosolids."

Linda's active fight against the land application of sewage sludge and sewage sludge sold as a
fertilizer for lawns and gardens made her a target of both the EPA and WEF. She became
number 2 on the EPA's hit list of sludge "horror stories" which they paid the Water Environment
Federation to debunk.  They had to coverup any damage to human health and the
environment. After all their propaganda said sludge was perfectly safe and there had never
been any documented cases of any adverse health effects from land application of sewage

Using a "blame the victim" strategy, the writer of the WEF/U.S.EPA Biosolids Fact Sheet said
that "Poor operating conditions, faulty equipment and corroded piping at the Pangborn well
may explain high levels of zinc and other metals found in some samples of the well water."
When Linda read, the WEF/EPA Fact sheet, she was astounded at what links they would go to
challenge her credibility. Determined to expose their deliberate lies and fabrications, she wrote
a detailed rebuttal refuting one by one all of their major  points which would have put the blame
on her and her family, the victims, rather than where it should have been put—on the sludge
that had caused them harm.

In answer to their assertion that corroded pipes, and faulty equipment had caused the well
contamination,  she wrote: "There were no corroded piping. New pipe had been in place for a
number of years.  The equipment was not faulty. Farmer's Equipment monitored and serviced
it regularly. They found it in good condition."

Other "blame the victim" statements made in the WEF/EPA Fact Sheet, she refuted include the
WEF Statement: The Zanders' cattle clearly grazed around the well, which suggests the cows
left manure around the well. Corn was grown with fertilizer in the field surrounding the well, as
close as 30 feet to the wellhead.  The Zanders applied dairy waste and manure to the field
next to and uphill from the well.

Answer: In order to avoid any contamination of the well from manure, we used a 100' setback
to the concrete enclosed well when annually applying cow manure. We have applied cow
manure for years with no contamination. The well was contaminated with metals, cesium,
radium, and organic tin, which comes from hospital wastes, toilet bowl cleaners, and not

WEF Statement: Investigators for the Whatcom County Health Department found the well in
disrepair as early as 1990. While sampling for contaminants, state hydrologist, Dave
Garland, observed that the wellhead and well-house were unsanitary and unsecured. The 250-
gallon, galvanized-steel tank potentially could have leached zinc into water drawn from the
Zander taps

Answer: The Whatcom County Health Department came only once when the well equipment
was being repaired, at the time the county was pushing chlorination on all the community well
associations.  Washington State Department of Environment and Ecology, Dave Garland, who
is not a qualified hydrologist, observed rain on the ceiling of the well when it was opened for
repair and stated "Rat feces, that's what contaminated the water." The well was not normal in
July 1990 and August 1990. It was not potable then.  Well samples were not taken   from the
steel tank, but from the well as required by the Federal law.  Obviously the writer knows
nothing  ! about well-sampling procedures.  

WEF Statement: The members of the Pangborn Water Association removed the Zander well
from their system in April 1991, claiming water from the well was corrosive and the well was
running dry.

Answer: The Pangborn Water Association discontinued and abandoned the well, after
contamination and at the advice of the State Department of Health.  

WEF Statement: The Zander's lawsuit claimed that several of their 150 dairy cows were sick
and experiencing abortions and sluggish reproductive habits due to biosolids applications.  
Washington State University  veterinarians concluded that the cattle received poor
quality feed and that some cattle deaths were misreported by the Zanders.        

Answer: Contrary to what was written in the WEF/EPA Fact Sheet, Washington State
University veterinarians did not conclude that poor quality feed and some cattle deaths were
misreported. Feed tests and forage and grain rations were provided to the WSU vets. These
rations were balanced by Land 0'Lakes Cenex nutritionist on a regular basis. No report by
WSU vet ever stated that the cows reported dead were suspect; diagnoses for cause of death
were documented for most.

WEF Statement: WSU veterinarians blamed poor management of Zanders' herd for excess

Answer: No WSU veterinarian ever blamed poor management of the Zander's herd for the
excess deaths.

WEF Statement: The veterinarians reviewed that data and examined the herd, determining
that low production rates and diarrhea were associated with poor quality grass silage.  Grass
silage was fed as the cows' only forage for at least four weeks in 1990, and problems with the
herd stopped when silage rations were discontinued. Some cattle illness and deaths also may
have been the result of noncompliance with vaccination strategies, food rot, poor bedding of
cows and milking hygiene, or force in assisted calvings.

Answer: At no time that I can remember {in 26 years} was only silage fed to our cows. Our
rations always included alfalfa hay, and grain which was balanced by a nutritionist. Our herd
problems stopped the day the cows were shipped out. Forty cows were sent to slaughter. As
to vaccinations and milking hygienic, herd health (including vaccinations) and udder health,
records were kept.  Mastitis tests were done monthly. Bedding was changed regularly.

In the same WEF/EPA Fact Sheet, the "blame the victim" strategy was again used to explain
the cause of deaths and diseases of the dairy cows of another dairy farmer, Robert Ruane, of
Rutland, Vermont, According to the Fact Sheet, "Ruane possessed few herd records, silage
quality was poor, the recommended feeding program was largely ignored, and  feeding
practice did not meet National Research Council  recommendations for lactating dairy animals,
the Vermont Department of Agriculture found," (p. 8)

When we asked Bob Ruane to comment on the statements made about him in the WEF/EPA
Fact Sheet where he was accused of causing the death and disease of his own cattle because
he didn't follow the recommended feeding program for lactating cows, and the silage he fed
was of poor quality, he was astounded, He didn't know he was written up in a Fact Sheet, As to
the charge in the Fact Sheet that he was not following the recommended feeding program for
lactating dairy cattle, he said he fed his cows a mixed ration of silage and grains three times a
day—at 4:00 in the morning, at 8:30 in the morning and again at 4:30 in the afternoon. He said
the misunderstanding might have arisen when he told the State agent what he fed the cattle at
each feeding instead of the total amount fed each day.

As to the quality of the silage, it is no doubt that it was of poor quality since it was grown on the
sludge-amended ground, It wasn't until he started feeding silage from unsludged fields that his
cattle improved. Until his herd was damaged he was unaware that the silage was not only of
poor quality but that it contained toxic elements that caused death and disease in. his herd.

Robert Ruane has lived on his 99 acre dairy farm outside of Rutland.- Vermont since 1947
when, his dad purchased it. He bought it from his dad in 1966. In 1986, representatives from
the City of Rutland convinced him that sewage sludge could be used beneficially as a fertilizer
for his corn crops. At the time he agreed to allow them to start spreading the sludge on 27
acres of prise bottom land, he had a herd of 300 cows--l40 were milkers, The yield on. the 27
acres was high as 33 tons of corn silage an acre.        

Arthritis, abortions, muscular problems started showing up in his cattle following applications of
sludge to his land.  Although Bob kept his cattle off the fields where the  sludge was applied,
the corn was chopped up for silage and fed to the cattle. He lost 119 cows before he stopped
feeding them the silage grown on the sludge-amended soil. Prior to application of sludge to his
land, he only lost at maximum 6 cows which is normal for a herd of 300.

After the fourth year of sludge application, the yield on the 27 acres dropped dramatically—
from a high of 33 tons of corn per acre to 18 tons of corn silage per acre. The corn only
produced a few ears here and there and these were damaged, A strip of land ; without sludge
produced a normal crop, No sludge has been applied since 1990 and yet the yield on the 27
acres has not returned to what it was before the sludge application. It is now 22 to 24 tons per

When Bob fed his cattle silage from a non-sludged field they began to improve. It wasn't until
he ran out of this uncontaminated silage and started feeding them the silage from the sludged
field that the cattle again began to have health problems.

He knew then, he had made a terrible mistake in believing the City representatives that sludge
was safe and would prove beneficial to him. It cost him dearly and he is still paying for his folly
in believing a sludge promoter would tell him the truth, His herd has not recovered completely.
He has had a problem getting the older cows bred to produce replacement calves. His herd
has shrunk from 300 cows to under 200—with only about 103 milkers, His operation is carrying
a debt load that required about 130 milkers to service it,

In CNN's program, "Hazardous Harvest" he warned other farmers against using
sludge on crop land.    When Ruane agreed for the city to use his land to dispose of their
sludge, they constructed a 100 x 150' bunker with a concrete floor as a storage facility for the
sludge. They also installed two monitoring wells 18-20' deep on the 27 acres. When the City
tried to renew its state permit for the site, it was refused because of the high nitrate levels in
both monitoring wells. When the City could not get the. permit renewed, it started charging
Ruane $500 a year in taxes for the bunker. When he told the City, he wanted the bunker off
his property. They told him to get a contractor to remove it and they would pay for the removal
and any damages caused by the removal. He is still forced to pay the $500 a year because no
contractor will agree to remove it. They are afraid it is so contaminated that it will have to be
put in a hazardous waste landfill,

It is obvious that the writer of the WEF/EPA report was not raised on a farm or he wouldn't
have made such asinine.-and ridiculous statements. I was reared on a farm in the midwest
where we raised beef cattle and swine as well as  grains. My dad came from a long line of
farmers. Manure was used as a  fertilizer on crops Including home gardens with no adverse
health effects ever. Of course then the manure was "exceptional quality". Cattle were not
ingesting crops grown on sludge-amended soil with its organic chemicals and heavy metals
which could, taint the manure.

I resent the implications in the report that the Zanders or any farmers , would, be so stupid as
to put manure where it could contaminate the water that not only the animals drink but they
also drink.  Farmers are not the ignorant hayseeds and country bumpkins WEF/EPA made
them/us out to be.  They are intelligent people who practice good agricultural procedures. If
your livelihood depends on the health of your animals, you will not compromise their health by
feeding them poor quality food and not complying with all requirements such as vaccinations.  
A. sick herd doesn't earn any money,  Even before computers, farmers kept detailed and well
documented records on their livestock and other farming operations. Farmers are also subject
to IRS audits where they have to produce records. If the writer had ever seen a calf or pig or
other animal born, he would have known that only on rare occasions (breach birth) do you
ever have to assist in its birth.