Ten years ago EPA outlined what we could expect as a result of ocean disposal. EPA wrote
that, "In ocean disposal, certain pollutants often associated with municipal sludge, including
mercury, cadmium, and polychlorinated biphenyls, can bioaccumulate. High levels of these
pollutants can interfere with the reproductive systems of certain marine organisms, may
produce toxic effects in aquatic life, or may present public health problems if individuals eat
contaminated fish and shellfish." (FR. 58, 9259)

New EPA Research                            Walker & Rubin are gone.
Mad Cow  (CWD) prions can be found in treated effluent and biosolids,    Sewage


Prion sludge study -

Bacterial pathogen incidences in sludge from Swedish sewage treatment plants.
The samples from raw sludge (67%) and treated sludge (55%) were positive for Salmonella;
49 different serotypes were detected. Restriction enzyme analysis and pulsed field gel
electrophoresis of Salmonella serotypes indicated that Salmonella persists in STPs and that
there is a continuous supply of new strains. There are differences in treatment methods
concerning the reduction of pathogens and indicator bacteria. If spread on arable land,
sludge increases the environmental load of pathogens; this increases the risk for spreading
diseases to people and animals. Water Res. 2004 Apr;38(8):1989-94

Studies have documented Salmonella infection of cattle grazing on pastures fertilized with toxic sewage
sludge and a cycle of infection from humans to sludge to animals to humans. (Taylor and Burrows. 1971,
WHO. 1981, Dorn, 1985)

In September 2002, the USDA research showed  that 28 percent of the beef entering
slaughterhouses is now contaminated with the untreatable deadly E. coli 157.

In Lynden, Washington within a year after the Western Services Waste Management began
spreading sludge adjacent to their farm, dairy farmers Linda and Raymond Zander reported
changes occurring in normally healthy dairy cows.  Some of the cows developed arthritis and
liver damage, a number of their calves were born with tendon abnormalities, and milk
production dropped by 17 percent.

Dairyman Robert Ruane of Vermont experienced similar problems as the Zanders when he
allowed the City of Rutland to spread toxic contaminated sludge on his farm.  His animals
began turning up with arthritis and liver damage, cows aborted and new born calves couldn't
straighten their legs. The death rate of his cows jumped from an average of two to thirty-four
and his milk production dropped by thirteen percent.

Two examples Sanjour gave in 1980 were, "Volatilization of landfilled hexachlorobenzene
wastes in Louisiana led to expenditures of over $380,000 and delayed marketing of 30,000
head of contaminated cattle," And,"Monetary costs associated with contamination of an
aquifer are high; for example, over $400,000 in direct costs were accrued when the state of
New Jersey discovered that the Cohansey Aquifer had been contaminated by hazardous
wastes dumped on farmland."

Twenty years ago research showed that our homes and offices were contaminated by
volatile chemical cancer causing chemicals. Recently the Environmental News Service
reported, "Test results never before made public, obtained by EWG, show that leafy
vegetables grown with contaminated irrigation water take up, store and concentrate
potentially harmful levels of perchlorate."