2005--2009 Studies That Affect Your Health Through Contaminated Food and Water From Sewage
(209) 12/4/2010

Highlights
Legionnaires Disease Linked to Cooling Towers. MRSA infections and deaths explode. Endotoxin caused lung
disease and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals research expands. Viable but Nonculturable found in sludge and
reclaimed water. Antibiotic gene research continues. EPA approves new tests for fecal coilform (thermotolerant
E. coli). Contaminated vegetable outbreaks cost hundreds of millions of dollars. Black plague bacteria
becomes antibiotic resistant. Viruses are found to cause Obesity. Bacteria are found to cause blood clots.
Viable but Nonculturable Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteria found in Drinking Water. Court finds municipality
lies about sludge tests. Senior Agency officials who support sludge policy earn more than Vice president.

2005
A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIOLOGY AND THE USE OF 3M™    PETRIFILM PLATES™. (2005),
http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-80616397/advances-bacteriology-coliform-group.html

A Community-Wide Outbreak of Legionnaires Disease Linked to Industrial Cooling Towers—
How Far Can Contaminated Aerosols Spread? (2005)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2005-LegionOutbreak.pdf

A Comprehensive Review of Disseminated Salmonella arizona Infection with an Illustrative Case (2005)
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/518632

Antibiotic resistance and survival of faecal coliforms in activated sludge system in a semi-arid region (Beni
Mellal, Morocco) (2005)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/v6p5164n64u41541/fulltext.pdf

Antibiotic resistance of bacteria in raw and biologically treated sewage and in groundwater below leaking
sewers (2005),
http://www.springerlink.com/content/q6476vq232724483/fulltext.pdf

BIOAEROSOLS GENERATED FROM BIOSOLIDS APPLIED FARM FIELDS IN WOOD COUNTY, OHIO
(2005), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2005-Ghosh-Jaydeep-bioaerosols.pdf

Characterization of a Shiga Toxin-, Intimin-, and Enterotoxin Hemolysin-Producing Escherichia coli ONT:H25
Strain Commonly Isolated from Healthy Cattle (2005)
http://jcm.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/43/7/3213

Composition and Distribution of Extracellular Polymeric Substances in Aerobic Flocs [biofilms] and Granular
Sludge (2005),
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC546788/

Creating New Genes by Plasmid Recombination in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis (2005)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1287717/

E. coli O157 and Salmonella spp. in White-tailed Deer and Livestock (2005)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/2005-0157-deer-sheep.pdf

Escherichia coli K-12: a cooperatively developed annotation snapshot—2005
http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/content/34/1/1.full

Endotoxin exposure and symptoms in wastewater treatment workers. (2005)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15940720

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDC) Research Program Review (2005)
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/science/endocrine/pdf/review/edcsubcommitteereport-finalversion.pdf

Endotoxin and Kupffer Cell Activation in Alcoholic Liver Disease, (2005)
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh27-4/300-306.htm

ENUMERATION AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PATTERNS OF FECAL INDICATOR ORGANISMS
ISOLATED FROM MIGRATORY CANADA GEESE (BRANTA CANADENSIS (2005),
http://www.jwildlifedis.org/cgi/content/full/41/2/334

Environmental Contamination with Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci from Hospital Sewage in Portugal
(2005),
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/Enterococcus.pdf

Fatal necrotizing fasciitis and myositis in a captive common bottlenose dolphin
(Tursiops truncatus) associated with Streptococcus agalactiae (2005)
http://jvdi.org/cgi/reprint/17/6/617.pdf

Four Laboratory-Associated Cases of Infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7 (2005)
http://jcm.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/43/6/2938

Host Range and Emerging and Reemerging Pathogens (2005)
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol11no12/05-0997.htm

IDENTIFICATION OF MICROORGANISMS IN FOOD ECOSYSTEMS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF
PHYSICAL AND MOLECULAR EVENTS  INVOLVED IN BIOFILM DEVELOPMENT (2005)
http://etd.ohiolink.edu/send-pdf.cgi/Luo%20Hongliang.pdf?osu1133304823

Induction of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium into the viable but nonculturable state following
chlorination of wastewater (2005)
http://www.iwaponline.com/jwh/003/0249/0030249.pdf

Infections with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in U.S. Hospitals, 1993–2005 (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/Invasivepathogens/MRSAfirgues2005.pdf

Long-Term Survival of Pathogenic and Sanitation Indicator Bacteria in Experimental Biowaste Composts
(2005), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1265932/

McELMURRAY lawsuit against USDA, sludge -- poisoned land -dead cattle (2006),
http://thewatchers.us/PDF/JudgeAlaimoSludgeRuling.pdf

Neuroglial activation and neuroinflammation in the brain of patients with autism. (2005)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15546155

Plasmid Donor Affects Host Range of Promiscuous IncP-1ß Plasmid pB10 in an  Activated-Sludge Microbial
Community (2005),
http://people.ibest.uidaho.edu/~etop/publications/DeGelderAEM05.pdf

Presence of Multidrug-Resistant Enteric Bacteria in Dairy Farm Topsoil (2005)
http://www.sraproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/presenceofmultidrugresistantentericbacteriaindairy.pdf

Potential Uptake of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Organic Manure into Crisphead Lettuce (2005)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1087526/

Potential Regrowth and Recolonization of Salmonellae and Indicators in Biosolids and Biosolid-Amended Soil
(2005)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1169032/

Quantitative detection of enteroviruses in activated sludge by cell culture and real-time RT-PCR using
paramagnetic capturing (2005)
http://www.iwaponline.com/jwh/003/0313/0030313.pdf

Recovery of Chlorine-Exposed Escherichia coli in Estuarine Microcosms (2005)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es048643s

Sources of Pathogenic Microorganisms and Their Fate during Land Application of Wastes (2005)
http://munster.tamu.edu/Web_page/Research/Ecoli/pathogen-fate.pdf

Staphylococcus aureus ClpC Is Required for Stress Resistance, Aconitase Activity, Growth Recovery, and
Death (2005), http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/4488Staphheatschock.pdf

Staphylococcus aureus Sepsis and the Waterhouse–Friderichsen Syndrome in Children (2005)
http://pubget.com/profile/author/Valerie%20Arangelovich

Studies To Select Appropriate Nonpathogenic Surrogate Escherichia coli Strains for Potential Use in Place
of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in Pilot Plant Studies (2005)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2005-usda-nonpathogenic-research.pdf

Survival of Campylobacter jejuni in Waterborne Protozoa (2005)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1214634/

Survival strategies of infectious biofilms (2005)
http://www.ksn.bio.aau.dk/Semestersider/Aalborg/K7/Biofilm/6_Fux%20et%20al%202005.pdf

Survival of Total Coliforms in Lawn Irrigated with Secondary Wastewater and Chlorinated Effluent in the
Mediterranean Region (2005), http://www.teicrete.gr/wml/PDF-files/21.pdf

The 120 592 bp IncF plasmid pRSB107 isolated from a sewage-treatment plant encodes nine different
antibiotic-resistance determinants, two iron-acquisition systems and other putative virulence-associated
functions (2005), http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/151/4/1095

The Dirty Work of Promoting “Recycling” of America’s Sewage Sludge (2005)
http://sludgefacts.org/IJOEH_1104_Snyder.pdf

The rhizosphere as a reservoir for opportunistic human pathogenic bacteria (2005)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/j1462-soil-rootzonebacteria.pdf

The Viable but Nonculturable State in Bacteria (2005)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/2005-VBNC-Bacteria-Oliver.pdf

Thinking the unthinkable: Alzheimer’s, Creutzfeldt–Jakob and Mad Cow disease: the age-related
reemergence of virulent, Foodborne, bovine tuberculosis or losing your mind for the sake of a shake or
burger (2005), http://drbroxmeyer.netfirms.com/alzheimers.pdf

Viable but non-culturable bacteria: their impact on public health (2005)
http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/nov252005/1650.pdf

Validity of the Indicator Organism Paradigm for Pathogen Reduction in Reclaimed Water and Public Health
Protection, (2005), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1151840/

2006
Acanthamoeba castellanii Promotion of In Vitro Survival and Transmission of Coxsackie B3 Viruses (2006),
http://ec.asm.org/cgi/content/full/5/4/665

Aeromonas: Human Health Criteria Document (EPA) Contract No. 68-C-02-026  (March 2006)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2006-aeromonas-human-health.pdf

Antibiotic Resistance Genes as Emerging Contaminants: Studies in Northern Colorado,  (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/2006-Antibiotic-resistant-genes.pdf

Arcobacter, THE ORGANISM/TOXIN, (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/arcobacter.pdf

Clonal Dissemination of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Subtypes among Dairy Farms in
Northeast Ohio (2006)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/72/4/2621?
maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=coli&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=2
990&resourcetype=HWFIG

Contribution of Hospital Wastewater to the Spread of Antibiotic Resistance in Comparison to Non-Health
Institution (2006), http://www.alaqsa.edu.ps/ara/aqsamagazine/sience/Alive/8.pdf

COPPER INDUCES A VIABLE BUT NONCULTURABLE (VBNC) STATE IN ERWINIA
AMYLOVORA (2006), http://www.actahort.org/books/704/704_27.htm

Emissions Approaches and Uncertainties - Animal, Workshop on Agricultural Air Quality (2006)
Neither Sludge, nor biosolids is mentioned.
http://thewatchers.us/odors/Emissions_Animal.pd

Escherichia coli interactions with Acanthamoeba: a symbiosis with environmental and clinical implications
(2006), http://jmm.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/55/6/689

Enterovirus Surveillance --- United States, 1970--2005 (CDC) (2006)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5508a1.htm

Examination of Reactivation and Regrowth of Fecal Coliforms in Centrifuge Dewatered Anaerobically
Digested Sludges (WEF) (2006),
http://thewatchers.us/viable-nonculturable/03-CTS-13Tweb.pdf

Fact Sheet: Study Find Fecal Coliforms Appear to Reactivate in Centrifuge Dewatered Solids at Four
of Seven Facilities Tested (WERF) (2006),
http://thewatchers.us/viable-nonculturable/ReactivationFactSheet6-2-06.pdf

National Association of Clean Water Agencies' response to WERF REPORT ON REACTIVATION AND
REGROWTH OF FECAL COLIFORMS (2006),
http://thewatchers.us/viable-nonculturable/NACWAAlertonWERFReport.pdf

Frequency of transferable multiple antibiotic resistance amongst coliform bacteria isolated from a treated
sewage effluent in Antofagasta, Chile (2006),
http://ejb.ucv.cl/content/vol9/issue5/full/7/bip/index.html

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (2006) E. coli O157:H7 is the most common cause of HUS in the U.S. Other
species of E. coli can also produce shiga toxin, collectively they are called enterohemorrhagic E. coli, or
EHEC. Other types of bacteria that occasionally produce shiga toxin include Campylobacter, Shigella ,
Salmonella, and Yersinia, http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2006-HUS.pdf

Hospital Ecology (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/15-26_str-1-hospitals.pdf

LONG-TERM STARVATION-SURVIVAL OF ERWINIA AMYLOVORA IN STERILE IRRIGATION
WATER (2006), http://www.actahort.org/books/704/704_12.htm

Mechanisms of Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria (2006)
http://www.otojournal.org/article/S0194-5998(10)01732-8/abstract

Method to detect infectious proteins in soils could help monitor spread of the diseases they cause (2006)
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/news/84/i09/8409prions.html

Method 1680: Fecal Coliforms in Sewage Sludge (Biosolids) by Multiple-Tube Fermentation using Lauryl
Tryptose Broth (LTB) and EC Medium  Fecal coli form Sampling Appendex F
http://water.epa.
gov/scitech/swguidance/methods/bioindicators/upload/2008_11_25_methods_method_biological_1680_1.
pdf

Method 1681: Fecal Coliforms in Sewage Sludge (Biosolids) by Multiple-Tube
Fermentation using A-1 medium
http://water.epa.
gov/scitech/swguidance/methods/bioindicators/upload/2008_11_25_methods_method_biological_1681_1.
pdf

Molecular epidemiology of emergent multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium strains
carrying the virulence resistance plasmid pUO-StVR2 (2006),
http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/1/39.full

Municipal Wastewater Treatment: A Novel Opportunity to Slow the Proliferation of Antibiotic-Resistant
Bacteria? (2006), http://thewatchers.us/environment/TimLaParaarticle.pdf

New York State Cattle Health Assurance Program Mastitis Module Fact Sheet Coliform Mastitis
http://thewatchers.us/PDF/coliform-in-cattle.pdf

Ongoing Multistate Outbreak of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 Infections Associated with Consumption
of Fresh Spinach — United States, (CDC -- 3,520 unique strains of E. coli O157:H7) (2006)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/wk/mm55d926.pdf

ORD’s Research on Pathogens in Biosolids Norovirus, (EPA (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/PacificSymposiumShayFout.pdf

Organic Chemicals in Sewage Sludges (Cornell) (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/chemicals/organicchemicals.pdf

Phytotoxic, clastogenic and bioaccumulation effects of the environmental endocrine
disruptor bisphenol A in various crops grown hydroponically (2006)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/p4n2205757q17562

Public Response to the Contaminated Spinach Recall of 2006,
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/FPI_Spinach_Recall_Report-1.pdf

RNA Viral Community in Human Feces: Prevalence of Plant Pathogenic Viruses (2006)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16336043?dopt=Citation

Review of Aerosol Transmission of Influenza A Virus (2006)
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/546777

Role of Irrigation Water in Crop Contamination by Viruses  (Gerba) (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/reprint_irrigation_waters_food_virology_book.pdf

Serogroups of Escherichia coli from Drinking Water (2006)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2006-e-coli-drinking-water.pdf

Survey of Organic Wastewater Contaminants in Biosolids Destined for Land Application (2006)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es0603406

The treatment of hospital wastewater: an appraisal (2006)
http://www.iwaponline.com/jwh/004/0405/0040405.pdf

Use of fluorescent in situ hybridization 1 for the visualization of 2 Helicobacter pylori in real drinking water
biofilms (2006), http://repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/bitstream/1822/5712/1/Braganca%5B1%5D.pdf

WEF: Study Finds Fecal Coliforms Appear to Reactivate in Centrifuge Dewatered Solids At
Four of Seven Facilities Tested (2006)
http://deadlydeceit.com/WERF-VBNC.html http://deadlydeceit.com/viable-nonculturable/03-CTS-
13Tweb.pdf

2007
A Brief on Biosolids Options for Biosolids Management (California State Library) (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/07-007Californiabiosolidsreview.pdf

A comparison of ten USEPA approved total coliform/E. coli tests (2007)
http://www.iwaponline.com/jwh/005/0267/0050267.pdf

ANIMAL ENTERIC VIRUSES: GENE EXPRESSION, EPIDEMIOLOGY AND THEIR ROLE IN SHELLFISH AND
ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION (2007),
http://etd.ohiolink.edu/send-pdf.cgi/Costantini%20Veronica.pdf?osu1186687895

Antimicrobial Drug–Resistant Escherichia coli from Humans and Poultry Products, Minnesota
and Wisconsin, 2002–2004,(CDC)  (2007),
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/Johnson2007EIDpoultrysourceforresistantEcoli.pdf

Antibiotic-Resistant Escherichia coli in Wastewaters, Surface Waters, and Oysters from an Urban Riverine
System (2007), http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/73/17/5667

BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF LIQUID HAND SOAPS USED IN PUBLIC RESTROOMS (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/gerba_gojo_poster.pdf

Cells infected with scrapie and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease agents produce intracellular 25-nm virus-like
particles (2007), http://www.pnas.org/content/104/6/1965.long

COMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND GOVERNMENT REFORM letter to EPA on endocrine disruptor
screening program. (2007) Based on current progress it with take 30 years to screen the initial 73 chemicals
and hundreds of years to screen the 75,000 chemicals  listed on the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
Chemical Substance Inventory."
http://thewatchers.us/chemicals/EndocrinedisruptorletterfromWaxmantoEPA.pdf

Community Outbreak of Legionnaires' Disease in Vic-Gurb, Spain in October and November 2005. (2007),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2007-air-legionella-spain.pdf

Confronting zoonoses through closer collaboration between medicine and veterinary medicine (as one
medicine) (2007), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/2007-zoonoses.pdf

CONTAMINANTS OF EMERGING CONCERN (American Water Resources Association) (2007)
http://deadlydeceit.com/water/0705impactreclaimedwater.pdf

Culture independent analysis of ileal mucosa reveals a selective increasein invasive Escherichia coli of
novel phylogeny relative to depletion of Clostridiales in Crohn’s disease involving the ileum, (2007)
http://www.vet.cornell.edu/labs/simpson/docs/ismej200752a.pdf

Declines in Sex Ratio at Birth and Fetal Deaths in Japan, and in U.S. Whites but Not African Americans
(2007), http://thewatchers.us/environment/Sexratiochange_moregirlsthanboys.pdf

Environmental Burkholderia cepacia Complex Isolates in Human Infections, (CDC) (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/infections/458soil-human-plant.pdf

Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feral Swine near Spinach Fields and Cattle, Central
California Coast (2007), http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/13/12/1908.htm

Expert forecast on emerging biological risks related to occupational safety and health (EU-OSH) (2007)
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/68

Extended-Spectrum ß-lactamases, Food, and Cephalosprin Use in Food Animals. (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/CollignonAarestrupESBLsfoodCID2007.pdf

Health Survey of Residents Living Near Farm Fields Permitted to Receive Biosolids (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/2007_Ohio_study.pdf

Hospitalizations and Deaths Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, United States, 1999–
2005, (2007),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2007-mrsa-99-05.pdf
http://thewatchers.us/MRSA.html

Hypothesis: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Mitochondrial Hypo-function, and Hydrogen Sulfide (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/H2S-body.pdf

Increase in Clostridium difficile–related Mortality Rates, United States, 1999–2004 (CDC) (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/infections/Clostridumdeaths1999-204.pdf

Incidence, internalization and behavior of Salmonella in mangoes, var. Tommy Atkins (2007)
http://www.aseanfood.info/Articles/11018084.pdf

Infections with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in U.S. Hospitals, 1993–2005 (2007)
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb35.pdf

Invasive Methicillin-Resistant  Staphylococcus aureus Infections in the United States (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2007-MRSA_JAMA.pdf

Land Application of Sewage Sludge: Pathogens and Human Health Implications (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2008-land-application-CA.pdf
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2008-land-application-Ca2.pdf
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2008-land-application-Ca3.pdf

Latest Developments on the Emerging Issue of E. coli and Fecal Coliform Reactivation and Regrowth after
Dewatering (2007), http://www.cepis.ops-oms.org/bvsaar/cdlodos/pdf/latestdevelopments209.pdf

Microbial Composition and Structure of Aerobic Granular Sewage Biofilms (2007)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2075015/

Microconstituents in Biosolids (WEF) (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/chemicals/MicroconstituentsinBiosolidsTPU.pdf

Multiple Antimicrobial Resistance in Plague: An Emerging Public Health Risk (USDA) (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/pone-02-03-ravelplaguestudy.pdf

NATURE’S TRUST: RECLAIMING AN ENVIRONMENTAL DISCOURSE (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/Wood-MaryVAEnvLawJournal2007.pdf

Nocardial Cerebral Abscess Associated with Mycetoma, Pneumonia, and Membranoproliferative
Glomerulonephritis(2007), http://thewatchers.us/Invasivepathogens/nocardia.pdf

Protect Children, Protect Our Future (EPA)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/protect-children.pdf

Persistence of Resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis after Single Course of Clarithromycin (2007)
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol11no09/pdfs/05-0124.pdf

Public Response to the Contaminated Spinach Recall of 2006 (2007)
http://foodpolicyinstitute.rutgers.edu/docs/pubs/2007_Public%20Response%20to%20the%20Contaminated%
20Spinach%20Recall%20of%202006.pdf

Reactivation and growth of non-culturable indicator bacteria in anaerobically digested
biosolids after centrifuge dewatering (2007)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V73-4MBJXYJ-
1&_user=10&_coverDate=02%2F28%
2F2007&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=11799010
53&_rerunOrigin=scholar.
google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=ec0f3599c4daa60b7dbfa
72a039f434d

Recurrent Hemorrhagic Stroke in Children (2007)
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/38/10/2658?
maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=hemorrhagic&searchid=1&FIRST
INDEX=20&resourcetype=HWFIG

SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD REVIEW DRAFT: CHAPTER 5, HUMAN HEALTH (2007),
http://thewatchers.us/infections/ROESAB2007-5-1-Chapter5-Health.pdf

Sick Building Syndrome (Cornell) (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/sbsSickBuilding.pdf

The Relationship between Early Childhood Blood Lead Levels and Performance on End of Grade Tests
(2007), http://thewatchers.us/chemicals/LeadLevelsandSchoolEOGTestPerformance_EHP.pdf

The Effect of Application-to-Planting Interval on the Number of Coliforms Recovered from Vegetables Grown
on Sludge-Amended Soils (2007), http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/jas/2007/3756-3761.pdf

The incidence and clinical characteristics of the immune phase eye disease in treated cases of human
leptospirosis (2007) (sewage workers)
http://www.indianjmedsci.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5359;year=2007;volume=61;issue=8;spage=441;
epage=447;aulast=Pappachan

Transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to cattle by house flies (2007)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TBK-4N2DRDB-
1&_user=10&_coverDate=06%2F15%
2F2007&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C0000502
21&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=836356ef9da4fdb166b0d451f7a0c188

TROPHERYMA WHIPPLEI IN THE ENVIRONMENT - SURVEY OF SEWAGE PLANT INFLUXES AND SEWAGE
PLANT WORKERS (2007)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/reprint/AEM.02335-06v1.pdf

Toxicogenomic Response to Chlorination Includes Induction of Major Virulence Genes in
Staphylococcus aureus (2007),
http://thewatchers.us/PDF/ChlorinationandMajorVirulenceGenesinStaphAureus.pdf

Urban aerosols harbor diverse and dynamic bacterial populations (2007)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/urban-aerosols.pdf

Viruses as an Etiology of Obesity (2007)
http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.com/content/82/10/1192.full

Voices of Scientists at the EPA, Human Health and the Environment Depend on Independent Science (EPA)
(2007), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/2007-epa-survey-brochure.pdf

2008
A novel DNA-binding protein with regulatory and protective roles in starved Escherichia coli (2008),
http://thewatchers.us/viable-nonculturable/2646-1-E-coli-Treponema.pdf

A Role for Environmental Engineering and Science in Preventing Bioaerosol-Related Disease (2008),
http://thewatchers.us/index/2008-airborne-aerosols.pdf

Acting together, bacterial clusters initiate coagulation (2008)
http://www.nature.com/nchembio/journal/v4/n12/full/nchembio1208-718.html

Adrenal Hemorrhage (2008) (endocrine glands that sit on top of the kidneys -- associated with Neisseria
meningitidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, group A beta-hemolytic streptococci,
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (group B), Salmonella
choleraesuis, Pasteurella multocida, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and Plesiomonas shigelloides infections.
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/126806-overview

Air Pollution and Odor in Communities Near Industrial Swine Operations (2008),
http://thewatchers.us/odors/OdorPaperSubmitEHP-1.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18941579

Analysis of Collection of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome– associated Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli
(2008), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2008-cdc-HUS.pdf

Bacterial Pneumonia Caused Most Deaths in  1918 Influenza Pandemic (2008)
http://www.nih.gov/news/health/aug2008/niaid-19.htm

Biological compost stability influences odor molecules production measured by electronic nose during food-
waste high-rate composting (2008), high odor production coincides with both high microbial activity and high
compost temperature, causing O2 depletion in the biofilm,
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2008-compost-biofilm.pdf

Blue Green Algae: A Guide (2008),
http://deadlydeceit.com/water/dwfact_algaeblue-green.pdf

Characterization of Antimicrobial Resistance and Class 1 Integrons in Enterobacteriaceae Isolated from
Mediterranean Herring Gulls (Larus cachinnans) (2008),
http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/mdr.2008.0803?cookieSet=1&journalCode=mdr

Coliform Contamination of Vegetables Obtained from Popular Restaurants in Guadalajara, Mexico, and
Houston, Texas (2008)
http://www.rachellaudan.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/coliform-contamination-in-
restaurants.pdf

Concentrations and patterns of perfluorinated compounds in Georgia 30 (USA) surface
waters near and distant to a major use source (2008)
http://www.gpb.org/files/pdfs/georgiagazette/UGA_study.pdf

Differential Attachment to and Subsequent Contamination of Agricultural Crops by Salmonella enterica
(2008), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2546622/

Detection of Resistance to Macrolides in Thermotolerant Campylobacter Species by Fluorescence In Situ
Hybridization (2008), http://jcm.asm.org/cgi/content/full/46/11/3842

Detection of Viable but Nonculturable Escherichia coli O157:H7 Bacteria in Drinking Water
and River Water (2008),
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/74/5/1502?
maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=cfu&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=180&reso
urcetype=HWFIG

Earthworms Found to Contain Chemicals from Households and Animal Manure (USGS) (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/chemicals/chemicalsfromHouseholdsandAnimalManure2-20-2008120000PM.mht

Effect of total solids on fecal coliform regrowth in anaerobically digested biosolids (2008)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V73-4STB0C1-
1&_user=10&_coverDate=08%2F31%
2F2008&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=11799068
67&_rerunOrigin=scholar.
google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=ccf9e9edb032ea7bfafc7f
1f23c3d0e7

Emerging infections: a perpetual challenge (2008)
http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/about/directors/pdf/EmergingInfectionsLancetID.pdf

Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Canberra: incidence and clinical features (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/2008-E_coli-bacteraemia.pdf

E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks associated with lettuce or spinach, specifically the “pre-washed” and “ready-to-
eat” varieties, (2008), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/outbreaks.pdf

Exposure and risk assessment of Salmonella in recycled residuals (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/2008-Salmonella-regrowth-Gerba.pdf

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: an emerging public-health concern (2008),
http://courses.washington.edu/conj514/readings/pottinger_reading3.pdf

Extrinsic allergic alveolitis (Respiratory disease) (Canada) (2008)
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/alveolitis.html

FDA and Fresh Spinach Safety, COMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND GOVERNMENT REFORM, (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2008-House-Report-Dole-outbreak.pdf

Global trends in emerging infectious diseases (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/Globaltrendsinemerginginfectiousdiseases-1.pdf

HEALTH ASPECTS AS RELATED TO MANURE AND BIOSOLIDS (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/Health-effects-Epstein.pdf

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, post diarrheal (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2008-okla-HUS.pdf

Identification of culturable and originally non-culturable endophytic bacteria isolated from
shoot tip cultures of banana cv. Grand Naine  (2008)
http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=20178481

Improving the Assessment of Risk from Pathogens in Biosolids: Fecal Coliform Regrowth,
Survival, Enumeration, and Assessment (2008)
http://www.cepis.ops-oms.org/bvsaar/cdlodos/pdf/assessmentofrisk635.pdf

INDUSTRY FEARS BIOSOLIDS SUITS AFTER COURTS REJECT EPA RULE DEFENSE (Inside EPA Weekly
Report (2008), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2008-inside-epa-lawsuits.pdf

Infectious diseases in the workplace (????)
http://www.gmbunion.org/hns/new2009/Infectious%20Diseases%20in%20the%20Workplace.pdf

LITERATURE REVIEW OF MOLECULAR METHODS FOR SIMULTANEOUS DETECTION OF PATHOGENS
IN WATER, (EPA) 600/R-07/128 (2008),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/2007-detection-pathogens-water.pdf

Meeting the challenge of antibiotic resistance (2008),
http://www.bmj.com/content/337/bmj.a1438.full

Microbiological Criteria (2008)
http://fshn.ifas.ufl.edu/faculty/ACWright/2008%20FOS4222/exam%201/ch4%20indicators%20notes.pdf

"No university in the United States teaches even basic toxicology or other environmental sciences to
students studying for a traditional chemistry degree, even a doctorate. Chemistry textbooks are devoid of
any mention too".
http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-greenchemside19-2008sep19,0,772775.story

Occupational health hazards in sewage and sanitary workers (2008)
http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?oe08030

Optimal Conditions for the Growth of E. Coli (2008),
http://www.scribd.com/doc/11337868/Optimal-Conditions-for-the-Growth-of-E-Coli#

Prevalence and Antibiotic Sensitivity Profile of Human Enteric Pathogens from Different
Water Sources in Salinity Affected Villages of Vidarbha (India) (2008),
http://www.insipub.com/rjabs/2008/712-716.pdf

Prevalence and Mechanisms of Broad-Spectrum β-Lactam Resistance in Enterobacteriaceae: a Children's
Hospital Experience (2008),
http://aac.asm.org/cgi/content/full/52/11/3909

Prevalence of Silver Resistance in Bacteria Isolated from Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Efficacy of Silver-
Containing Wound Dressings (2008),

Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk Assessments of Pathogens in Land-applied Biosolids (EPA)
600/R-08-035A (2008), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/2008-BIOSOLIDS_ERD.PDF

Research Priorities for Coordinating Management of Food Safety and Water Quality (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/Research-reclaimed-water.pdf

Resuscitation of eleven-year VBNC Citrobacter. (2008)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18401122

Risk of Childhood Cancers Associated With Residence in Agriculturally Intense Areas in the
United States (2008), http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/573519

TESTIMONY OF ROBERT A. (ANDY) MCELMURRAY, III, UNITED STATES SENATE COMMITTEE ON
ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS Briefing on“Oversight on the State of Science and Potential Issues
Associated with EPA’s Sewage Sludge Program” (2008),
http://thewatchers.us/Georgia/GA_McElmurrayTestimony.pdf

Testimony of Caroline Snyder Ph.D., Senate Environment and Public Works Committee (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2008-synder.pdf

The Long-Term Health Outcomes of Selected Foodborne Pathogens (2008)
http://www.foodborneillness.org/CFIFinalReport.pdf

THE ROLE OF DRINKING WATER AS A SOURCE OF TRANSMISSION OF ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANT
ESCHERICHIA COLI (2008), https://tspace.library.utoronto.
ca/bitstream/1807/17297/1/Coleman_Brenda_L_200811_PhD_thesis.pdf.pdf

Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Absorbance Spectroscopy and Multivariate Analysis To Study the
Effect of Chlorine-Induced Bacterial Injury in Water (2008)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf801604p

Wastewater Treatment Plant Worker Says Sludge is "Just a Pollutant and Not a Beneficial Soil Amendment"
(2008)
http://www.sludgenews.org/action/story.aspx?id=25

Will Agricultural Biotechnology Lead to the Spread of Antibiotic Resistance? (2008)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/2008-antibiotic-PR.pdf

2009
A seasonal study of the mecA gene and Staphylococcus aureus including methicillin-resistant S. aureus in a
municipal wastewater treatment plant (2009),
http://www.loudounnats.org/pdf/09WRAseasonalstudyofmecASaureusandMRSAinafull-scaleWWTP.pdf

Antibiotic resistance genes in water environment
http://www.springerlink.com/content/g7281q84785523lp/fulltext.pdf

Darwinian Evolution of Prions in Cell Culture (2010)
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/science.1183218

Detection of 140 clinically relevant antibiotic-resistance genes in the plasmid metagenome of wastewater
treatment plant bacteria showing reduced susceptibility to selected antibiotics (2009)
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/155/7/2306

E. coli strains (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2009-60000-E-coli-strains.pdf

E. coli MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2009-E-coli-MSDS.pdf

EPA, CDC & ATSDR, FDA, USDA Employees and Funding (2009-10)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/agency-employees-funding.html

EPA Announces New Steps to Protect Americans from Lead Poisoning (2009) by banning lead tire weights.  
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/pressrelease-lead.html

EPA Glossary of Environmental Terms
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/glossary.html

EPA letter on six fecal coliform questions about test. (2009), test hides bacteria EPA does not want to find.
http://thewatchers.us/PDF/BynumColiformQuestionResponse_3Feb09.pdf

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Infections (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/e_coli-0157.pdf

Farmer's Lung (2009)
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/298811-overview

Fate and Transport of Antibiotic Residues and Antibiotic Resistance Genes following Land Application of
Manure Waste (USDA)  (2009), http://etmd.nal.usda.gov/bitstream/10113/29182/1/IND44197785.pdf

HACEK Group Infections, (2009)
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/218158-overview

Human Exposure to Brominated Flame Retardants (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/PDF/FlameRetardantbyNicholasSch.ofEESatDuke.pdf

LAB 12: ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ENTEROBACTERIACEAE AND
PSEUDOMONAS, PART 1 (2009)
http://student.ccbcmd.edu/courses/bio141/labmanua/lab12/index.html

Long-Term Survival of Legionella pneumophila in the Viable But Nonculturable State After
Monochloramine Treatment (2008)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/027652366r032245/

Mechanisms of Infectious Disease (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/2009-transfer-drug-resistance.pdf

Most senior scientific officials at NIH, FDA and the CDC earn salaries well in excess of the salary of the Vice
President. (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2009_Barton_Walden_Letters_on_Title_42.pdf

Organic contaminants in sewage sludge (biosolids) and their significance for agricultural recycling (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/Smith_PhilTransRoyalSocA2009_367_4005-4041.pdf

Phylogeny and Disease Association of Shiga Toxin–producing Escherichia coli O91 (CDC) (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2009-coli-091.html

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance in Drinking Water Treatment and Distribution Systems (2009)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/17/5714

Proteome analysis of the Escherichia coli heat shock response under steady-state conditions (2009)
http://www.proteomesci.com/content/7/1/36

Rainfall Simulation in Greenhouse Microcosms to Assess Bacterial-Associated Runoff from Land-Applied
Poultry Litter (2010)
http://jeq.scijournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/38/1/218

Resistant Escherichia coli—We Are What We Eat (2009)


Resistance Variations of Third Generation of Cephalosporins in Some of the Enterobacteriaceae Members
in Hospital Sewage (2009),
http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_11_NO_1/20.pdf

REVIEW OF ZOONOTIC PATHOGENS IN AMBIENT WATERS (EPA) 822-R-09-002 (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2009-zoonotic-pathogens-water.pdf

Scientific Integrity (White House) (2009), MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE
DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES,
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2009-scientific-integrity.pdf

Stress, Sublethal Injury, Resuscitation, and Virulence of Bacterial Foodborne Pathogens (USDA) (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2009-usda-stress-review.pdf

Survey of Wastewater Indicators and Human Pathogen Genomes in Biosolids Produced by Class A and
Class B Stabilization Treatments. (2010)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/75/1/164

Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/Zoonotic-disease-6-pagerFINAL-2009.pdf

Salmonellal Infections, Historical Note, (U.S. Army-medical history) (2009)
http://history.amedd.army.mil/booksdocs/wwii/PM4/CH18.Salmonellal.htm

Staphylococcal and Streptococcal Food Poisoning and Botulism (U.S. Army-medical history) (2009)
http://history.amedd.army.mil/booksdocs/wwii/PM4/CH19.Staphyloccocal.htm

The Drosophila Nora virus is an enteric virus, transmitted via feces (2009)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WJV-4VNKH0K-
1&_user=10&_coverDate=04%2F30%
2F2009&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1186118052&_rer
unOrigin=
google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=5913a09d5fa244fc46cc6bc8275
54ede

Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers (U.S. Army-medical history) (2009)
http://history.amedd.army.mil/booksdocs/wwii/PM4/CH22.Typhoid.htm

Update on the Epidemiology of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli in the United States (CDC) (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/Gould_STEC_Epi_CAFPA-September-2009.pdf

The Local Nose Knows Best What to do With Sewage Sludge (2009)
http://www.nidellaw.com/blog/?p=17

Transfer of gentamicin resistance genes among enterobacteriaceae isolated from the outpatients with
urinary tract infections attending 3 hospitals in Mubi, Adamawa State (2009)
http://www.academicjournals.org/sre/PDF/pdf2009/Aug/Akortha%20and%20Filgona.pdf

Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) in Swedish sewage sludge (2009)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/2009-resistant-entercocci.pdf

Wastewater treatment contributes to selective increase of antibiotic resistance among Acinetobacter spp.
(2009), http://www.graham.umich.edu/pdf/zhang-article.pdf