2000--2004 Studies That Affect Your Health Through Contaminated Food and Water From Sewage
(212) 12/4/2010

Highlights
Water Environment finishes PR fact sheets for "Candidates for the Rest of the Story". Antibiotic resistance
spreads. Bacteria causes heart problems. EPA OIG reports Compliance and Enforcement Office has
withdrawn from the sludge program. Congress investigates and ignores problems. Necrotizing infections
(flesh eating bacteria) is recognized as a major problem. Scientist admit to dumping genetically engineered
bacteria down the laboratory drains. Security and Bioterrorism Act enacted to protect agriculture -- but it
only applies to laboratories. Biofilms are acknowledge as cause of chronic illness. Bacteria are found to
survive treatment in parasites. Antibiotic genes are used as markers in genetically modified plants.
Studies link deaths to sludge use and the lack of a high level of disinfection.

2000
A between-Species Comparison of Antimicrobial Resistance in Enterobacteria in Fecal Flora (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC89900/

A Dose-Response Study of Antibiotic Resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms (2002),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC89739/

An efficient recombination system for chromosome engineering in Escherichia coli (2000)
http://www.pnas.org/content/97/11/5978.long

Antibiotic Resistance Trends in Enteropathogenic Bacteria Isolated in 1985–1987 and 1995–1998 in
Barcelona (2000), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC89835/

Anhydrobiotic Engineering of Gram-Negative Bacteria (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/drying--E.coli.pdf

"Candidates for the Rest of the Story" fact sheets by Water Environment Federation.
    Biosolids Application to Federal Land: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/FedLand.pdf

    Biosolids and Bahamian Papaya Crops: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/Bahamas.pdf

    Biosolids and Lou Gehrig’s Disease: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/ALS.pdf

    Biosolids & Miniature Horses in Oklahoma: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/OK-horses.pdf

    Biosolids in Northern Washington State: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/NorthWA.pdf

    Biosolids Radionuclide Information Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/nuclide.pdf

    Biosolids Recycling in West Texas: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/WestTX-factsheet.pdf

    Biosolids Reuse in Southern California: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/SouthCA.pdf

    Biosolids Use in the Pacific Northwest: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/PacNW.pdf

    Can Aids Be Transmitted By Biosolids?: Biosolids Fact Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/AIDS.pdf

    Dioxin Information Sheet
    http://thewatchers.us/wef/dioxin.pdf


Chlordane Uptake and Its Translocation in Food Crops (2000)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/jf990566a?cookieSet=1

Cold-adaptation of Antarctic microorganisms ± possible involvement of viable but nonculturable state
(2000), http://www.springerlink.com/content/gfb8hllpr13up8ew/fulltext.pdf

Drinking Water Microbial fact sheets 11
http://www.cepis.org.pe/bvsacg/fulltext/drinking/microbial11.pdf

Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle presented for slaughter in the U.S.: Higher prevalence rates
than previously estimated (2000), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC34306/

Immunological basis of chlamydia induced reactive arthritis (2000)
http://sti.bmj.com/content/76/3/156.extract

Long-Term Shifts in Patterns of Antibiotic Resistance in Enteric Bacteria (2000)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/66/12/5406

Microbial Biofilms: from Ecology to Molecular Genetics (2000) (aggregate to form flocs or granules)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC99016/

Montgomery County, Maryland, A State-of-the-Art Biosolids Composting Facility (2002) (closed)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/MontCoMD.pdf

Strategy for Research on Environmental Risks to Children (EPA) 600/R-00/068 (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2000-children-health-research-strategy.pdf

NIOSH Hazard ID 10 -- Workers Exposed to Class B Biosolids During and After Field Application
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/2000-sludge-niosh-hazard-id.pdf

EPA OIG Audit Report, Water, Biosolids Management and Enforcement (EPA) (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2000-epa-oig-audit.pdf

Epidemiology of resistance to antibiotics, Links between animals and humans (2000)
http://www.dpi.inpe.
br/Miguel/RefsEUREQA/Bogaard_EpidemioRestoAntibiotic_IntJou_antimicAgents_2000.pdf

Frequency of coexistence of cytomegalovirus and Chlamydia pneumoniae in atherosclerotic plaques.
(2000), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10857040

Human somatic cell nuclear transfer (cloning) (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/12/2000-cloning.pdf

Is Cadmium a Cause of Human Pancreatic Cancer? (2000)
http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/9/2/139.full

Molecular Cloning and Nucleotide Sequence Analysis of a Novel Human Papillomavirus (Type 82)
Associated with Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia, (2000),
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/Papillomasvirus.pdf

PARTICULATE MATTER (2000)
http://www.airinfonow.org/pdf/Particulate_Matter.pdf

What is Particulate Matter?
http://www.airinfonow.org/html/ed_particulate.html

Pathogens and parasites: strategies and challenges (2000)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1312209/

Public health aspects connected to the use of sludge on land (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/public-health.pdf

RAPID MINERALIZATION OF THE ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING CHEMICAL 4-NONYLPHENOL IN SOIL
(2000), http://thewatchers.us/environment/ET-C19313-.pdf

Shigella and Escherichia coli at the crossroads: machiavellian masqueraders or taxonomic treachery?
(2000), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/2000-shigella-e-coli.pdf

Strategy to Address the Problem of Agricultural Antimicrobial Use and the Emergence of Resistance
(2000) (USDA-HHS), http://www.fda.
gov/downloads/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth/AntimicrobialResistance/UCM134733.pdf

Survival of Enterococci and Staphylococci on Hospital Fabrics and Plastic (2000)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC86187/

TESTIMONY OF CALIFORNIA FARMER JANE BESWICK BEFORE CONGRESS --  SLUDGE AND EPA
(2000), http://deadlydeceit.com/Beswick.html

Toxicologic evidence of developmental neurotoxicity of environmental chemicals (2000)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TCN-40315SH-
H&_user=10&_coverDate=04%2F03%
2F2000&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1186138
898&_rerunOrigin=scholar.
google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=300ad1e02b0bb5b1b00
55756f449580b

Triclosan and antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus (2000)
http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/46/1/11.full

Typing of Intimin Genes in Human and Animal Enterohemorrhagic and Enteropathogenic Escherichia
coli: Characterization of a New Intimin Variant (2000),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC97102/

“Under The Guise of Environmental Protection” -- EPA Revealed (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/12/2000-Bonner-Cohen-EPA.pdf

Waterborne nosocomial [hospital] infections (2000)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/e4602p8x33285255/


2001
Antibiotic resistance of bacteria in biofilms (2001)
http://instructional1.calstatela.edu/tsalmas/Micr%20200B/Reading%20Assignments/Antibiotic%
20resistance%20of%20bacteria%20in%20biofilms%20.pd

Antibiotic Resistance: Consequences of Inaction (2001)
http://eeescience.utoledo.edu/faculty/Sigler/COURSES/Environmental%20Readings%20and%
20Comm/Portfolio%20readings/Antibiotic%20Resistance%20-%20Consequences%20of%20Inaction.
pdf

Antibiotic resistance of faecal Escherichia coli in poultry, poultry farmers and poultry slaughterers
http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/47/6/763.full

Alkylphenol Ethoxylate Degradation Products in Land-Applied Sewage Sludge (Biosolids) (2001)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/AlkylPhenolStudyBiosolids_LaGuardia2001.pdf

Bacterial infections of free-living amoebae.(2001)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11605981

Biofilm Formation by the Fungal Pathogen Candida albicans: Development, Architecture, and Drug
Resistance (2001), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC95423/

Blood borne transit of CJD from brain to gut at early stages of infection (2001)
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2334/1/20

Cluster Structure of Anaerobic Aggregates of an Expanded Granular Sludge Bed Reactor (2001)
http://www.net-lanna.info/biotechnology/scripts/count_article.asp?Article_code=21020123

Controlled Expression in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Shigella flexneri Using a Bacteriophage P1-
Derived C1-Regulated Promoter System (2001), http://jb.asm.org/cgi/content/full/183/23/6947

Cross-Resistance between Triclosan and Antibiotics in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Is Mediated by
Multidrug Efflux Pumps: Exposure of a Susceptible Mutant Strain to Triclosan Selects nfxB Mutants
Overexpressing MexCD-OprJ (2001), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC90308/

Diagnosis of Noncultivatable Gastroenteritis Viruses, the Human Caliciviruses (2001)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC88960/

Endocarditis Due to Rare and Fastidious Bacteria, (2001)
http://cmr.asm.org/cgi/content/full/14/1/177

Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli 0157:H7: a red herring? (2001)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2001-HUS-strains.pdf

EPA ANNOUNCES $72,000 SLUDGE FINE (2001)
http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.
nsf/bf92f4e7d755207d8525701c005e38d7/c99170b0f2779072852570d8005e1469!OpenDocument

EVOLUTION OF THERMAL DEPENDENCE OF GROWTH RATE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI
POPULATIONS DURING 20,000 GENERATIONS IN A CONSTANT ENVIRONMENT (2001)
http://compphys.bio.uci.edu/bennett/pubs/146.pdf

Evidence for Transfer of CMY-2 AmpC β-Lactamase Plasmids between Escherichia coli and
Salmonella Isolates from Food Animals and Humans (2001)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC90722/

Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases in the 21st Century: Characterization, Epidemiology, and Detection
of This Important Resistance Threat (2001),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC89009/

Gastroenteritis in Sentinel General Practices, the Netherlands (2001)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2631671/pdf/11266298.pdf

Goebbels and today’s mass mind control: Part One
How PR opinion-shapers turn the people against their own interests (2001)
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6921657/Goebbels-todays-mass-mind-control-Part-1

Goebbels and mass mind control: Part Two, How PR opinion-shapers undermine environmental
protection (2001), http://thewatchers.us/environment/04-25-01_Binion-Pt_2-PR.pdf

Group A Streptococcus  (Invasive) (2001) (fecal Strep)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/group-A-strep.pdf

Horizontal Transfer of a Multi-Drug Resistance Plasmid between Coliform Bacteria of Human and
Bovine Origin in a Farm Environment  (2001)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/67/8/3732

Improved wastewater disinfection by ultrasonic pre-treatment (2001)
http://www.euro-open.hu/doc/iszap/ultrawaves_improved_wastewater_disinfection.pdf

Indicators of microbial water quality --(WHO) (2001)
http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/iwachap13.pdf

Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Plea for Early Diagnosis and Treatment (2001)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2001-necrotizing-a-plea.pdf

New Antibiotic-Resistance Cassette Switching Vectors (2001),
http://www.bgsc.org/NewProducts/pVK.pdf

Occurrence and Diversity of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Lagoons and Groundwater Underlying
Two Swine Production Facilities (2001),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC92760/

Ongoing Horizontal and Vertical Transmission of Virulence Genes and papA Alleles among Escherichia
coli Blood Isolates from Patients with Diverse-Source Bacteremia (2001)

Parkinsonism caused by Lipopolysaccharides of Salmonella Minnesota (a Case Report) (2001)
http://www.endotoxin.gmxhome.de/

Recombinant DNA Research at UCSF and Commercial Application at Genentech (2001) (Boyer-  "I
used to grow ten liters of bacteria and put the effluent down the drain."
http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=kt5d5nb0zs&brand=calisphere&doc.view=entire_text

Rapid Emergence of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Containing Multiple Gentamicin
Resistance-Associated Integrons in a Dutch Hospital (CDC) (2001),
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/418199

The Use of Antibiotic Resistance Markers to Develop Biotech Crops (2001)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/2001-ant_res_mark_council4biotech.pdf

The Changing Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus? (2001)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2631711/pdf/11294701.pdf

The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response
Act of 2002 , "The National Select Agents Registry Program" (2002)
http://www.selectagents.gov/

Transferable Plasmid-Mediated Resistance to Streptomycin in Clinical Isolate of Yersinia pestis (CDC
-- Black Plague) (2001), http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no1/guiyoule.htm

Viral vectors for gene therapy: the art of turning infectious agents into vehicles of therapeutics (2001)
http://med.stanford.edu/kaylab/manuscripts/NM01Kay.pdf

2002
A comparison of solid and liquid media for resuscitation of starvation- and low-temperature-
induced nonculturable cells of Aeromonas hydrophila (2002)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/mhgpgpg2wmbewvf5/

Air Pollution -- A New Risk Factor in Ischemic Stroke Mortality  (2002)
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/strokeaha;33/9/2165

Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Bacterial Isolates from Blood in San Francisco County, California,
1996-1999 (CDC) (2002), http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol8no2/01-0102.htm

Antimicrobial Drug Resistance in Pathogens Causing Nosocomial Infections at a University Hospital in
Taiwan, 1981-1999 (2002), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2730256/

Antibiotic Resistance of Gram-Negative Bacteria in Rivers, United States (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2730334/

Application, Performance, and Costs of Biotreatment Technologies for Contaminated Soils (EPA)
600/R-03/037 (2002),  http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/2002-not-culturable-in-lab.pdf

Biofilm, City of Microbes (2002),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC101960/

Biofilms: Microbial Life on Surfaces (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2732559/

Bacterial Survival in Snow Made from Wastewater (2002)
http://www.crrel.usace.army.mil/library/technicalreports/TR00-9.pdf

Biofilms: Survival Mechanisms of Clinically Relevant Microorganisms (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC118068/

Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices (NAS) (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2002-NAS-report-toxicity-sludge.pdf

Biosolids Technology Fact Sheet : Use of Composting for Biosolids Management (EPA) (2002)
"Composting is not a sterilization process and a properly composted product maintains an active
population of beneficial microorganisms that compete against the pathogenic members. Under some
conditions, explosive regrowth of pathogenic microorganisms is possible"
http://nepis.epa.gov/EPA/html/DLwait.htm?url=/Adobe/PDF/P10053DF.PDF

Clostridium perfringens toxin types from wild-caught Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.), determined by
PCR and ELISA.(2002), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12030710

Comparative surface-to-hand and fingertip-to-mouth transfer efficiency of gram-positive bacteria, gram-
negative bacteria, and phage. (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12234341

Contaminant Aerobic Sporeforming Bacteria in the Manufacturing Processes of Food Packaging Board
and Food (2002, http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/contaminpaper.pdf

Cultivation of Pathogenic and Opportunistic Free-Living Amebas (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/ppmc/articles/PMC118083/

Dental caries is a preventable infectious disease (2000)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/Disease/adj1200_balakrishnan2002.pdf

Development of a P1 phagemid system for the delivery of DNA into Gram-negative bacteria (2002)
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/148/4/943

EMERGINGINFECTIONSPROGRAMS (CDC) (2002)
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:znsHHBCwObUJ:www.cdc.
gov/ncidod/osr/site/eip/pdf/Complete_ICEID_2002.
pdf+surveying+invasive+MRSA+in+the+Portland&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=8&ie=UTF-8

Enterotoxemia associated with beta2 toxin–producing Clostridium perfringens type A in two Asiatic
black bears (Selenarctos thibetanus) (2002)
http://jvdi.org/cgi/reprint/17/2/186.pdf

Environmental Impacts of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Building Materials (2002) (byproducts include
extremely hazardous and long-lived pollutants as the chlorinated dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-
dioxins), chlorinated furans (polychlorinated dibenzofurans), PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls),
hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and octachlorostyrene (OCS). In addition, a very large portion of these
mixtures consists of chemicals that have not yet been identified or tested.)
http://www.healthybuilding.net/pvc/ThorntonPVCSummary.html

EPA Office of Inspector General Semiannual Report to Congress -- October 1, 2001 through March
31, 2002. (EPA) 350-K-02-001 (May 2002), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2002-epa-oig-audit-report.pdf

EPA, Hugh Kaufman -- Whistleblower lawsuit against EPA, (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/PDF/Hugh-Kaufman.pdf

Epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreaks, United States, 1982–2002 (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2002-0157-H7-outbreaks.pdf

Evaluation of the H2S Method for Detection of Fecal Contamination of Drinking Water (WHO, 2002)
http://thewatchers.us/odors/who-2002H2Stest.pdf

FIXED BIOFILM WASTEWATER TREATMENT -- Pathogen Reduction (animal gunk) (2002)
http://www.nscss.org/newsletters/2007%20Newsletter%20Fall.pdf

Free-living Amoebae Promote Growth and Survival of Helicobacter pylori (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12064686
Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00365540110080052?journalCode=inf

Guidance for Controlling Potential Risks to Workers Exposed to Class B Biosolids (CDC) (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/2002-CDC.pdf

Health Risks from Microbial Growth and Biofilms in Drinking Water Distribution Systems (EPA) (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2002-EPA-whitepaper_tcr_biofilms.pdf

Helicobacter bilis Infection Accelerates and H. hepaticus Infection Delays the Development of Colitis in
Multiple Drug Resistance-Deficient (mdr1a-/-) Mice (2002)
http://ajp.amjpathol.org/cgi/content/full/160/2/739

How Does Time-Dependent Dental Unit Waterline Flushing Affect Planktonic Bacteria Levels? (2002)
http://www.jdentaled.org/cgi/reprint/66/4/549.pdf

Interactions of pathogens and irritant chemicals in land-applied sewage sludges (biosolids) (2004),
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/2/11/qc

Land Application of Biosolids (EPA-OIG) (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/OIG_BIOSOLIDS_FINAL_REPORT.pdf
Long-Term Survival of Enteric Microorganisms in Frozen Wastewater (Corps of Engr) (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2002-viability-freeze-thaw.pdf

Making Genetically Engineered Plants (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/Making-genetic-plants.pdf

MYCOBACTERIA: DRINKING WATER FACT SHEET (EPA) 822-F-02-002 (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2002-mycobacteria-drinking-water.pdf

Occurrence of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases in Members of the Family Enterobacteriaceae in
Italy: Implications for Resistance to β-Lactams and Other Antimicrobial Drugs (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC126983/

Pathogen Survival in Swine Manure Environments and Transmission of Human Enteric Illness—A
Review (2002), https://www.agronomy.org/publications/jeq/articles/32/2/383

Potential for bacterial regrowth demonstrated in treated, reclaimed water. (USDA) (2002)
In water-short areas reclaimed water must be used for agricultural or other approved uses, and its
potential for bacterial regrowth in reclaimed water used for crop irrigation must be understood.  ARS
scientists in Phoenix, AZ, assessed the survival and regrowth potential of bacteria present in tertiary-
treated effluent used for crop irrigation and surface water discharge as it passed through a model
laboratory distribution system.  Total bacteria increased 3 to 4 orders of magnitude, and that E. coli
remained viable during the 11-day experiment.  This research has established that although the
reclaimed water met EPA standards for irrigation at the wastewater treatment plant, there is great
potential for bacterial regrowth during transport that could place the water out of compliance at the
point of intended use.  The information will help prevent future problems of food contamination via
wastewater irrigation.
http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/programs/programs.htm?np_code=108&docid=1271

Presence of Integron-Associated Resistance in the Community Is Widespread and Contributes to
Multidrug Resistance in the Hospital (2002),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC120645/

PROTOCOL FOR THE USE OF RECLAIMED WATER FOR FIRE-FIGHTING (Sanitation Districts of Los
Angeles County) (2002), (claim of meeting state and federal drinking water standards not true)
http://deadlydeceit.com/water/FireFightingProtocol-1.pdf

Protozoans and Parasites (2002)
http://www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pedtext/s06c31.html

Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Escherichia coli Contamination of Root and Leaf
Vegetables Grown in Soils with Incorporated Bovine Manure (2002)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC123957/

SEWERS, SEWAGE TREATMENT, SLUDGE: DAMAGE WITHOUT END (2002)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/Rockefeller_NS.pdf

SWIMMING IN SEWAGE, The Growing Problem of Sewage Pollution and How the Bush Administration
Is Putting Our Health and Environment at Risk (2004),
http://deadlydeceit.com/water/sewage-1-NRDC.pdf

SLUDGE, BIOSOLIDS, AND THE PROPAGANDA MODEL OF COMMUNICATION
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/Rampton_NS.pdf

Sludge May Be Hazardous to Your Health (2002)
http://www.nrdc.org/media/pressreleases/020703.asp

Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (Cloning): Implications for the Medical Practitioner (2002)
http://www.sma.org.sg/smj/4307/4307ra1.pdf

The Viable but Nonculturable State and Starvation Are Different Stress Responses of Enterococcus
faecalis, as Determined by Proteome Analysis (2002)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC135411/

Typical and Atypical Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (2002)
http://198.246.98.21/ncidod/EID/vol8no5/pdf/Vol8No5.pdf#page=66

Viruses Help Strep Bacteria Turn Deadly (2002)
http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/jul2002/niaid-15.htm

Work related symptoms among sewage workers: a nationwide survey in Sweden (2002)
http://oem.bmj.com/content/59/8/562.abstract

2003
ACTIVATED SLUDGE MICROBIOLOGY PROBLEMS AND THEIR CONTROL (2003) "The
real "heart" of the activated sludge system is the development and maintenance of a mixed
microbial culture (activated sludge) that treats wastewater and which can be managed. Floc formation
[biofilm] occurs at lower growth rates and at lower nutrient levels, essentially starvation or stationary
growth conditions."
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2003-slime-floc.pdf

An Assessment of factors affecting the likehood of horizontal transfer of recombinant plant DNA to
bacterial recipients in soil and phytosphere (2003)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/nielsen.pdf

Antibiotic resistance of E. coli in sewage and sludge
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12697213

Antimicrobial Resistance Markers of Class 1 and Class 2 Integron-bearing Escherichia coli from
Irrigation Water and Sediments (CDC) (2003), http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol9no7/02-0529.htm

Antimicrobial, heavy metal resistance and plasmid profile of coliforms isolated from nosocomial
infections
in a hospital in Isfahan, Iran (2003), https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/retrieve/2734/jb03077.pdf

Attachment of Listeria monocytogenes to Radish Tissue Is Dependent upon Temperature and
Flagellar Motility (2003), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC152467/

Bacteria learn antibiotic resistance in the sludge (2003)
http://www.vetscite.org/publish/items/001512/

Characterization of biofilm produced by clinical isolates of Salmonella typhi (2003)
http://prr.hec.gov.pk/Thesis/309.pdf

Detection of Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm on Tampons and Menses Components (2003)
http://dentalweb.umaryland.edu/shirtliff/2003-
Detection_of_Staphylococcus_aureus_biofilm_on_tampons_and_menses_components-J_Infect_Dis.
pdf

Effect of Microbial Activity on Trace Element Release from Sewage Sludge (2005)
http://soilandwater.bee.cornell.edu/publications/QureshiEST03.pdf

Emergence of New Epidemic Viruses through Host Switching (2003)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/12/2003--emergence-virus-host.pdf

Enteric pathogens and soil: a short review (2003)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/2003-enteric-pathogens.pdf

EPA letter to CDC requesting it review the available information on reported human health effects from
the land application of treated sewage sludge. (2003),
http://thewatchers.us/science/EPAlettertoCDCDecember2003.pdf

Evidence for an Association Between Air Pollution and Daily Stroke Admissions in Kaohsiung, Taiwan
(2003), http://stroke.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/strokeaha;34/11/2612

Fate of a representative pharmaceutical in the environment: Final Report (2003),
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/2002TX60B-resistanceWWTP.pdf

Human Health Research Strategy (EPA) 600/R-02/050 (2003)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/2003-human-health-research-strategy.pdf

Inhaled endotoxin and organic dust particulates have synergistic proinflammatory effects in equine
heaves (organic dust-induced asthma). (2003),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12752598

Long-Term Persistence of Resistant Enterococcus Species after Antibiotics To  Eradicate Helicobacter
pylori (2003), http://www.annals.org/content/139/6/483.full.pdf+html

MECHANISMS OF VOLATILE SULFUR COMPOUND AND ODOR PRODUCTION IN
DIGESTED BIOSOLIDS (2003),
http://thewatchers.
us/EPA/14/MechanismsofVolatileSulferCompoundandOdorProductioninDigestedBiosolids.pdf

Membrane fouling [biofilm] and cleaning in microfiltration of activated sludge wastewater (2003)
http://cheed.nus.edu.sg/~chebairb/paper29.pdf

Metal Composition of Ambient PM2.5 Influences Severity of Allergic Airways Disease in Mice (EPA)
(2003), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2003-health-effects-metals.pdf

MULTI-YEAR PLAN (FY2000-2012) FOR ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS 1, OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT, US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (2003)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/encrindisrupteredc.pdf

Myocarditis: an expected health hazard associated with water resources contaminated with Coxsackie
viruses type B (2003), "Enteroviruses, especially Coxsackie B viruses (CBVs), are responsible for
approximately 50% of cases of viral myocarditis. "
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/12/2003-virus-heart.pdf

Native Valve Endocarditis due to Escherichia coli: an Emerging Community Acquired Infection in the
Elderly? (2003), http://gateway.nlm.nih.gov/MeetingAbstracts/ma?f=102265578.html

OSHA Infectious Dose White Paper (2003)
http://www.absa.org/pdf/OSHA_white_paper.pdf

Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Escherichia coli from Shanghai, China
(2003), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC161834/

Plasmid-Mediated Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella enterica (2003)
http://www.horizonpress.com/cimb/v/v5/10.pdf

Production of Cellulose and Curli Fimbriae by Members of the Family Enterobacteriaceae Isolated from
the Human Gastrointestinal Tract (2003)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC162016/

REGION/ORD WORKSHOP ON EMERGING POLLUTANTS : SUMMARY REPORT (EPA) (2003)
http://www.epa.gov/osp/regions/emerpoll_rep.pdf

REGULATIONS: A Vital Tool for Protecting Public Health and the Environment (2003)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/2003-EPA-regulations.pdf

Significance of antibiotics in the environment (2003),
http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/1/5.full

Species-Wide Variation in the Escherichia coli Flagellin (H-Antigen) Gene (2003)
http://jb.asm.org/cgi/reprint/185/9/2936.pdf

Survival of Bacterial Indicator Species and Bacteriophages after Thermal Treatment of Sludge and
Sewage (2003), http://aem.asm.org/cgi/reprint/69/3/1452

Temperature, Air Pollution, and Hospitalization for Cardiovascular Diseases among Elderly People in
Denver (2003), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241612/pdf/ehp0111-001312.pdf

The 64 508 bp IncP-1 antibiotic multiresistance plasmid pB10 isolated from a waste-water treatment
plant provides evidence for recombination between members of different branches of the IncP-1 group
(2003), http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/149/11/3139

The application of biofilm science to the study and control of chronic bacterial infections (2003)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC259139/

The effect of free chlorine on Burkholderia pseudomallei in potable water (2003)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V73-49G5NT1-
1&_user=10&_coverDate=11%2F30%
2F2003&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=11800347
91&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f241a1
251956513fe462e2467a0ac818

The K1 capsule modulates trafficking of    E. coli-containing vacuoles and enhances intracellular
bacterial survival in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (2003)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1462-5822.2003.t01-1-00271.x/full

Toxic Organic sludge Dust is Not Good for You -- Deaths doubled in 15 years --1980/1995 (2003)
http://deadlydeceit.com/NSA-139.html

Trends in Antimicrobial Susceptibilities among Enterobacteriaceae Isolated from Hospitalized Patients
in the United States from 1998 to 2001 (2003),
http://www.ijpmonline.org/article.asp?issn=0377-4929;year=2009;volume=52;issue=1;spage=52;
epage=55;aulast=Ashtiani

US Patent 6589771 - Methods for arousing dormant bacteria (2003)
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/6589771/claims.html

Viral and Bacterial DNA in Carotid Arterosclerotic Lesions (2003)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/gwr8n0ttradwwqjw/

2004
A High-Level Disinfection Standard for Land-Applied Sewage Sludges (Biosolids) (2004),
http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2003/6207/6207.pdf

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease (2004)
http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/109/21/2655?
ijkey=24f5d6401dfd1b26da1c3449196c483c88df70d1

Ambient Bioaerosols, Fourth External Review Draft of Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter,
Appendix 7B, (2004), http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/PMAPPENDIX7B.PDF

Analysis of Synagro pellet for total coliform and E. coli, Test Protocol for Synagro Experiment (2004),
(1,000,000 total gram positive heterotrophic (energy from carbon) bacteria per gram survived
treatment)
http://thewatchers.us/viable-nonculturable/Hawaii0001.pdf

Anaerobic sludge granulation (biofilms) (2004)
http://www.archaeasolutions.com/docs/Anaerobic%20Sludge%20Granulation%20PDF.pdf

Antibodies to Periodontal [gum disease] Pathogens and Stroke Risk (2004)
http://atvb.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/23/7/1250

Antibiotic multiresistance plasmid pRSB101 isolated from a wastewater treatment plant is related to
plasmids residing in phytopathogenic bacteria and carries eight different resistance determinants
including a multidrug transport system (2004),
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/150/11/3613.pdf

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE -- Federal Agencies Need to Better Focus Efforts to Address Risk to
Humans from Antibiotic Use in Animals (GAO) (2004)
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04490.pdf

Avian Diseases: Carriage of Bacterial Pathogens by Canada Geese and Blackbirds (USDA) (2004)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/geese-bacteria.pdf

BACTERIAL BIOFILMS: FROM THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES (2004)
http://www.zi.ku.dk/mkuhl/ambio/materials/biofilm_review2004.pdf

Cerebrovascular disorders in children.(2004)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14984685

CHEMOTAXIS-GUIDED MOVEMENTS IN BACTERIA (2004) Motile bacteria in the oral cavity.
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/207Treponema.pdf

Confirmation of the presence of viable but non-cultureable bacteria in the stratosphere (2004)
http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/1555/1/wainrightm2.pdf

Coexistence of Multiple Genotypes, Including Newly Identified Genotypes, in Outbreaks of
Gastroenteritis Due to Norovirus in Japan (2004)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC446284/

Correlation between Detection Rates of Periodontopathic Bacterial DNA in Carotid Coronary Stenotic
Artery Plaque and in Dental Plaque Samples (2004)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC525286/

Culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis from the blood of patients with Crohn’s
disease (2004), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/Naser-Lancet-MAP-mycobacterium.pdf

E. coli K-12, (2004)
http://www.sgm.ac.uk/pubs/micro_today/pdf/080402.pdf

Environmental Contamination with Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci from Hospital Sewage in
Portugal (2005),  http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/71/6/3364

First isolation and further characterization of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) O157:H45
strains from cattle (2004)
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/4/10

FLIES, Integrated Pest Management in and around the Home, (2004)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/2004-UC-management-flies.pdf

Fate of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium on Carrots and Radishes Grown in Fields Treated
with Contaminated Manure Composts or Irrigation Water (2004)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC383101/

Genetic transformation of human cells by a soil phytopathogen presents common molecular strategies
(2004), http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/856agrobacter-gene-transfer.pdf

Global impact of mature biofilm lifestyle on Escherichia  coli K-12 gene expression (2004)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2958.2003.03865.x/pdf

Human intestinal bacteria as reservoirs for antibiotic resistance genes (2004) "In addition to
such pathogenic transients [Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus], there are
potentially pathogenic members of the intestinal microflora itself, such as Escherichia coli,
Enterococcus species, Clostridium species and Bacteroides species."
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/NormalFlora-Resistant-transfer.pdf

Increased frequency of drug-resistant bacteria and fecal coliforms in an Indiana Creek adjacent to
farmland amended with treated sludge (2004), "These results suggest that surface runoff from the
farmland is strongly correlated with higher incidence of Amp R and fecal coliforms at site E."
https://article.pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/RPAS/rpv?
hm=HInit&journal=cjm&volume=50&calyLang=eng&afpf=w04-065.pdf&sepr=vt

Infectious Disease: The Human Costs of Our Environmental Errors (2004)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241811/pdf/ehp0112-a00032.pdf

Microbial hazards, Chapter 3, (WHO) (2004) in swimming pools
www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/bathing/srwe2full.pdf

Microbiology of Milled Cereal Grains: Issues in Customer Specifications -- Cargill (2004)
http://www.x-cd.com/opmillers/PaperSperber.pdf

Persistence of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Soil and on Leaf Lettuce and Parsley
Grown in Fields Treated with Contaminated Manure Composts or Irrigation Water (2004)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/3/2004-E_coli-survival.pdf

Plasmid-mediated 16S rRNA methylases conferring high-level aminoglycoside resistance in
Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from two Taiwanese hospitals  (2004)
http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/6/1007.full

PREVALENCE AND MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF ENTEROBACTERIACEAE ON TEXAS PRODUCE AND
THE SURVIVAL OF SALMONELLA ON PARSLEY AS AFFECTED BY PROCESSING AND STORAGE
(2004),
http://repository.tamu.edu/bitstream/handle/1969.1/2722/etd-tamu-2004B-FSTC-Duffy.pdf?
sequence=1

Protease-Resistant Human Prion Protein and Ferritin Are Cotransported across Caco-2 Epithelial
Cells: Implications for Species Barrier in Prion Uptake from the Intestine (2004)
http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/content/full/jneuro;24/50/11280

Reduction of Pathogens, Indicator Bacteria, and Alternative Indicators by Wastewater Treatment and
Reclaimation Processes (2004), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/2004-Rose-reclaimed-water.pdf

Role of Calf-Adapted Escherichia coli in Maintenance of Antimicrobial Drug Resistance in Dairy Calves
(2004), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC348837/

Suppression of Environmental Science (2004)
http://www.uow.edu.au/~bmartin/dissent/documents/Kuehn04.pdf

Survey of Hormone Activities in Municipal Biosolids and Animal Manures (2004)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/env-tox-04-19-216.pdf

The Approved List of biological agents (2004) (Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens)
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/misc208.pdf

The composition and persistence of faecal coliforms and enterococcal populations in sewage
treatment plants (2004), http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2672.2003.02149.x/full

The Viable but Nonculturable State in Bacteria (2004)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15765062

Uncultured soil bacteria are a reservoir of new antibiotic resistance genes (2004)
http://execdeanagriculture.rutgers.edu/pdfs/goodman-092.pdf

Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus --- New York, 2004
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5315a6.htm