1980--1989 Studies That Affect Your Health Through Contaminated Food and Water From Sewage
(248) 12/4/2010

Highlights
This period saw the development of a new coliform test to determine E. coli and other members of the
family Enterobateriaceae, acceptable methods for sludge use based on current knowledge and a policy to
spread the infectious sludge on fruits and vegetables signed by EPA, FDA, and USDA. EPA documented
the transfer of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants. Antibiotic resistant markers were used in
genetic engineered plants to confirm DNA transfer. At the same time studies were being done on the
potential health effects among sewage plant workers. EPA studies also documented the regrowth of
bacteria in sludge and composts. Moreover, EPA documented bacteria could survive on grazing land for up
to sixteen months. Studies also confirmed a transfer of Salmonella from humans: to sludge; to grazing land;
to cattle; and back to humans. In its proposed part 503 sludge regulation EPA documented 25 primary
pathogen groups and 21 carcinogens in sludge, five of which were carcinogenic by inhalation.

1980
IMViC test [“I” is for indole; “M” is for methyl red; “V” is for Voges-Proskauer, and “C” is for citrate]
method (i.e., coliform test patent) (1980) (An improved IMViC test method suitable for confirming the
presence of Escherichia coli, for differentiating between bacteria of the genera Escherichia and
Enterobacter and for distinguishing members of the family Enterobacteriaceae)
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/4187351.html

Acceptable Methods Based Upon Current Knowledge for the Utilization or Disposal of Sludge from
Publicy Owned Wastewater Treatment Plants (EPA) 800R80910 (1980)
(Milorganite and Chicago's Fulton County sludge did not meet the standards).
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1980-acceptable-methods.pdf

ANTIBIOTIC-ASSOCIATED HEMORRHAGIC COLITIS (1980)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/v711036gm9u2567x/fulltext.pdf

Antibiotic Resistance and Its Transfer Among Clinical and Nonclinical Klebsiella Strains in Botanical
Environments  (1980), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC291290/

Antibiotic and metal resistance in "Escherichia coli" strains isolated from the environment and from
patients (author's transl)" http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7008715

Applicability of the Regulations to Sludge Generated By a POTW. (EPA) SW-875 (1980),  (does not
include infectious characteristics which makes it a hazardous waste under the Solid Waste Act) --
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1980-sludge-hazardous-questions.pdf

Arizona hinshawii bacteraemia and meningitis in a child: a case report.(1980)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1146243/

Bacteria Associated with False-Positive Most-Probable- Number Coliform Test Results for Shellfish and
Estuaries (1980), (False positive means gram negative pathgens other than Enterobacteriaceae)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC243637/pdf/aem00194-0055.pdf

"Biochemical Tests for Identification of Medical Bacteria." (1980)
http://openlibrary.
org/books/OL7719402M/Biochemical_Tests_for_Identification_of_Medical_Bacteria

Conjugative Transfer of Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Markers in Streptococcus pneumoniae (1980)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/1980-antbio-jbacter.pdf

DISSECTIONS AND RECONSTRUCTIONS OF GENES AND CHROMOSOMES (1980) (SV40)
http://chemlabs.nju.edu.cn/pub/pub_book/E_Chem/Nobel_Chem/1980_berg.pdf

EnterotoxigenicEscherichia coli (ETEC) isolated in the Tel-Aviv (Israel) area (1980)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7007850

Enumeration of Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria from Sewage Sludges (1989) (40 bacteria + coliforms)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1980-staph-sludge.pdf

Functional expression in yeast of the Escherichia coli plasmid gene coding for chloramphenicol
acetyltransferase (1980),
http://www.pnas.org/content/77/2/1078.full.pdf

Incidence of R factors in coliform, fecal coliform, and Salmonella populations of the Red River in Canada.
(1980), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC291610/

Information About Contaminants Found at Hazardous Waste Sites (CDC) (????)
http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/index.asp

MANUAL FOR COMPOSTING SEWAGE SLUDGE BY THE BELTSVILLE AERATED-PILE METHOD (EPA)
600/8-80-022 (1980), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1980-compost-manual.pdf

Membrane association of a Staphylococcus aureus plasmid in Bacillus subtilis. (1980)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC293966/pdf/jbacter00565-0351.pdf

Patent issued for a process for producing biologically functional molecular chimeras  (to produce organism,
which could not exist in nature), (1980)
They do now!
http://deadlydeceit.com/patent_E_coli.html

Plasmid-mediated Transfer of Host-range Specificity Between Two Strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum
(1980), http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/120/2/413.pdf

Potential Health Effects from Persistent Organics In Wastewater and Sludges Used for Land Appllication
(EPA) 600-1-80-025 (1980), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1980-health-effects-organics.pdf

R-Plasmid Transfer Frequencies from Environmental Isolates of Escherichia coli to Laboratory and Fecal
Strains (1980), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/12/1980-antibi-resist-transfer.pdf

Replication of plasmids from Staphylococcus aureus in Escherichia coli.(1980)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC350497/

Rise and Fall of Shigella Antibiotic Resistance (1980)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/1980-shigella-resistant.pdf

Spread and transfer of plasmid resistance in Escherichia coli, (1980), "Drug resistance of 186 E. coli
strains isolated in 1977-1978 from patients and carriers, as well as from the environment was studied
with respect to 8 widely used antimicrobial drugs, i.e. tetracycline, streptomycin, chloramphenicol,
ampicillin, neomycin, kanamycin, nalidixic acid and sulfanilamides. All of the strains were resistant to
sulfanilamides," http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6994630

Spurious Hydrogen Sulfide Production by Providencia and Escherichia coli Species (1980)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC273501/pdf/jcm00179-0230.pdf

The Carcinogen Assessment Group's List of Carcinogens (EPA) 450R80104 (1980)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/1980-cancer-agents.pdf

Transfer of Plasmids among Bacilli (1980)
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/121/1/263.pdf

Two antibiotic-resistant strains of Escherichia coli for tracing the Sewage in Groundwater (1980)
http://www.hydrologynz.org.nz/downloads/JoHNZ_1980_v19_2_Sinton.pdf

What We Presently Know About Calf Scours
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1980-scours.pdf

1981
Airborne irritant contact dermatitis due to sewage sludge. (1981)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6459432

AN R PLASMID OF BROAD HOST-RANGE, CODING FOR RESISTANCE TO NINE ANTIMICROBIAL
AGENTS ENDEMIC IN GRAM-NEGATIVE NOSOCOMIAL ISOLATES (1981)
http://jmm.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/14/4/371.pdf

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in Drinking Water (1981) (biofilms)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC244002/pdf/aem00189-0099.pdf

Aerosols Generated by Liquid Sludge Application to Land (EPA) 600/S1-81-028 (1981)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1981-aerosols.pdf

Arizona hinshawii Infection of an Atherosclerotic Abdominal Aorta
http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/141/4/537

Bacteria Associated with False-Positive Most-Probable-Number Coliform Test Results for Shellfish and
Estuaries (1981),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC243637/pdf/aem00194-0055.pdf

Colonization of growing radish plants by clinical and nonclinical isolates of Klebsiella
inoculated onto seeds (1981)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/x406031g68n563m0/

Density Levels of Pathogenic Organism in Municipal Wastewater Sludge -- A Literature Review (EPA)
600/S2-81-170 (1981),  http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1981-pathogen-density.pdf

Development of Methodology for Determining Risk Assessment When Sludge is Applied to Land (EPA)
600/S1-81-058, (1981) (EPA still does not have the necessary data for risk assessment)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1981-sludge-risk-assessment-study.pdf

Epidemiological Study of Klebsiella pneumoniae Among Pulp and Paper Mill Workers (EPA) 600/S1-81-
023 (1981), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1981-klebsiella-paper-rmill.pdf

Evaluation of the Health Risks Associated with the Treatment and Disposal of Municipal Wastewater and
Sludge (EPA) 600/S1-81-030 (1981), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1981-health-risk-rvaluation.pdf

Factors Affecting Salmonellae Repopulation in Composted Sludges -- County Sanitation Districts of
Los Angeles County,
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1981-salmonella-regrowth-compost.pdf

Factors Affecting the Increase of R Plasmids During Hospitalization (1981)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/ww20n5287123h143/fulltext.pdf

Failure of the Most-Probable-Number Technique to Detect Coliforms in Drinking Water and Raw Water
Supplies (1981), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC243651/pdf/aem00194-0150.pdf

HEALTH EFFECTS ASSOCIATED WITH WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL (1981)
http://deadlydeceit.com/Health_effects.html

Health Risks of Humans Exposed to Wastewater (EPA) EPA-600/S1-81-002 (1981)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1981-health-risks.pdf

Helminth and Heavy Metals Transmission  From Anaerobically Digestered Sewage Sludge (EPA) 600/S2-
81-024 (1981), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1981-helminth-heavymetals-pigs.pdf

Hydrolytic Enzymes of Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated from Human Infections (1981),
http://thewatchers.us/infections/picrender-Hydrolytic.pdf

Inducible Plasmid-Determined Resistance to Arsenate, Arsenite, and Antimony(III) in Escherichia coli and
Staphylococcus aureus (1981),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC216952/pdf/jbacter00271-0159.pdf

Introduction of bacteriophage Mu into bacteria of various genera and intergeneric gene transfer by RP4::
Mu. (1981), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC217280/

Institutional Constraints and Public Acceptance Barriers to Utilization of Municipal  Wastewater and
Sludge for Land Reclamation and Biomass Production (EPA) 430/9-81-013 (1981),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1981-constraints-sludge.pdf

Land Application of Municipal Sewage Sludge for the Production of Fruits and Vegetables: A Statement
of Federal Policy and Guidance (EPA) SW-905 (1981), signed by EPA, FDA, USDA, "it should be
understood that by following the guidelines of this document, the Federal government cannot offer any
indemnity against product recall, seizure, or other enforcement actions"
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1981-policy-EPA-USDA-FDA.pdf

Lime Stabilization and Ultimate Disposal of Municipal Wastewater Sludges (EPA) 600/S2-81-076 (1981)
(Bacteria can regrow as pH drops)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1981-lime-sludge.pdf

One-year survey of enteroviruses, adenoviruses, and reoviruses isolated from effluent at an activated-
sludge purification plant. (1981)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/41/1/51

Potential Health Effects from Viable Emissions and Toxins Associated with Wastewater Treatment Plants
and Land Application Site. (EPA) 600/S1-81-006 (1981)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1981-heath-effects.pdf

Production of Heat-Labile or Heat-Stable Enterotoxins by Strains of Escherichia coli
Belonging to Serogroups 044, 0114, and 0128 (1981)
http://iai.asm.org/cgi/reprint/31/1/500.pdf

Production of Non-Food-Chain Crops with Sewage Sludge (EPA) 600/S2-80-199 (1981)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1981-nonfoodchainstudy.pdf

Organic toxicants and pathogens in sewage sludge and their environmental effects." (1981)
Spec. Rept. No. 42, N. Y. State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY., Babish, J. G., D. J.
Lisk, G. S. Stoewsand, and C. Wilkinson.

R factors in coliform-fecal coliform sewage flora of the prairies and Northwest Territories of Canada.
(1981), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC243991/

The Risk to Health of Microbes in Sewage Sludge Applied to Land (WHO)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1981-WHO-working-group.pdf

Risk to Health from Microbes -- Who (1981)
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/euro/r&s/EURO_R&S_54.pdf

Sewage Sludge Viral and Pathogenic Agents in Soil-Plant-Animal Systems (EPA) 600/S1-81-026 (1981),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1981-sludge-study.pdf

Solar Radiation Induces Sublethal Injury in Escherichia coli in Seawater (1981)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC243757/pdf/aem00196-0122.pdf

The occurrence and significance to animal health of Leptospira, Mycobacterium, Escherichia coli,
Irucella abortus and Bacillus anthracis in sewage and sewage sludges (1981) (PR opinion with good
infor), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2134059/pdf/jhyg00034-0128.pdf

Translocatable Resistance to Mercuric and Phenylmercuric Ions in Soil Bacteria (1981)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC216152/pdf/jbacter00268-0408.pdf

Transposon-Mediated Multiple Antibiotic Resistance in Acinetobacter Strains (1982)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/1982-antibio-transfer-hospital.pdf

Ultraviolet Disinfection of a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent (EPA) 600/S2-81-152
(1981) (Photoreactivation occured)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1981-UV-disinfection.pdf

Unique Temperature-Sensitive Nutritional Requirements of Bacteremic Escherichia coli Isolates (1981)
http://jcm.asm.org/cgi/reprint/13/3/606.pdf

Virus Inactivation in Wastewater Effluent by Chlorine, Ozone, and Ultraviolet Light (EPA) 600/S2-81-088
(1981), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/3/1981-virus-inactivation.pdf

1982
Acute Toxicity of Organic Extracts of Municipal Sewage Sludge in Mice (1982) "any analytical technique
employed to examine the contents of sludges will suffer from a bias - it can only find what it is set up to
detect -- Although the Boston sludge was more toxic, as demonstrated by an LDS0 approximately one-
half the Dallas sludge,--- No gross lesions were observed in any animals which could be
associated with the test materials."
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/1982-Acute-toxicity-organics-sludge.pdf

Antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis. (1982)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6979926

Chlorine Resistance Patterns of Bacteria from Two Drinking Water Distribution Systems
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1982-chlorine-resistant.pdf

Comparison of Coliphage and Bacterial Aerosols at a Wastewater Spray Irrigation Site (1982)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC241777/pdf/aem00182-0050.pdf

Dissemination of an Antibiotic Resistance Plasmid in Hospital Patient Flora (1982)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC283828/pdf/aac00384-0027.pdf

Draft Manual for Infectious Waste Management (EPA) SW-957 (1982)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1982-infectious-waste-management.pdf
http://thewatchers.us/index/infectious-waste.html

Effect of UV Light Disinfection on Antibiotic-Resistant [Enterobacteriaceae] Coliforms in Wastewater
Effluents (EPA's Mark Meckes) (1982), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1982-Meckes.pdf

Health Effects of Land Treatment: Microbiological (EPA) 600/1-82-007 (1982)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1982-health-effects-land-treatment.pdf

In Situ Studies with Membrane Diffusion Chambers of Antibiotic Resistance Transfer in Escherichia coli
(1982), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/1982-antibiotic-resistance-sewage.pdf

Mapping of a Plasmid, Coding for Colonization Factor Antigen I and Heat-Stable Enterotoxin Production,
Isolated from an Enterotoxigenic Strain of Escherichia coli (1982)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC216618/pdf/jbacter00260-0282.pdf

Microbial Populations Growing in the Presence of Fluoride at Low pH Isolated from Dental Plaque of
Children Living in an Area with Fluoridated Water (1982),
http://thewatchers.us/chemicals/picrender1982floride.pdf

Mortality associated with nosocomial urinary-tract infection In a prospective study (1982)
http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/307/11/637

Multiply Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Introduction, Transmission, and Evolution of
Nosocomial Infection (1982), ( Disease included pneumonia, empyema, bacteremia, endocarditis,
osteomyelitis, and burn and wound infections. Seventeen of the 34 patients died)
http://www.annals.org/content/97/3/317.abstract

R-Plasmid Transfer in a Wastewater Treatment Plant
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1982-r-transfer-treatment-plants.pdf

Selection of Antibiotic-Resistant Standard Plate Count Bacteria During Water Treatment (1982)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC242011/pdf/aem00177-0062.pdf

Sludge and the Land: The Role of Soil and Water Conservation Districts in Land Application of Sewage
Sludge, Final Report (EPA) 430/9-82-007 (1982),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1982sludge-land.pdf

Sludge, Recycling For Agricultural Use (EPA) 430/9-82-008 (1982),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1982-recyling-brochure.pdf

Spreading Lagooned Sewage Sludge on Farmland: A Case History (EPA) 600/S2-82-019 (1982),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1982sludgespreadingPR.pdf

The first case of Escherichia coli O157 infection in England and Wales was reported in 1982; and the
first case in Scotland in 1984.
http://web.gideononline.com/abstract.php?
module=epidemiology&disease=10870&view=Distribution&country=G291

The Frequency of a Norwalk-Like Pattern Of Illness in Outbreaks of Acute Gastroenteritis (1982)
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/reprint/72/12/1329.pdf

The persistence of drug resistant Escherichia coli in the intestinal flora of healthy broiler chicks.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2134220/

UV Light-Induced Survival Response in a Highly Radiation-Resistant Isolate of the Moraxella-
Acinetobacter Group, (1982), http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/424Radiation-rs-acinetobacter.pdf

1983
A chimaeric antibiotic resistance gene as a selectable marker for plant cell transformation (1983) "We
have exploited the regulatory elements of this gene to construct a chimaeric gene that confers antibiotic
resistance on transformed plant cells."
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v304/n5922/abs/304184a0.html

A Critical Review of Wastewater Treatment Plant Sludge Disposal by Landfilling (EPA) 600/S2-82-092
(1983), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1983-review-landfill-disposal.pdf

A Cryptic Plasmid from Shigella sonnei (1983)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/1983-shigella-e-coli.pdf

Analysis of Plasmids in Nosocomial Strains of Multiple-Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus(1983)
(reached epidemic proportions in Melbourne, Australia, over the past 5 years.)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC184973/pdf/aac00207-0027.pdf

Antibiotic Resistance Among Different Species of Fecal Coliforms Isolated from Water Samples
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1983-fc-resistant.pdf

Application of Municipal Sludges on Energy Crops: A feasibility Analysis (EPA) 600/S2-83-095 (1983)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1983-sludge-energy-crops.pdf

Bacterial Survival and Association with Sludge Flocs During Aerobic and Anaerobic Digestion of
Wastewater Sludge Under Laboratory Conditions (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC242249/pdf/aem00170-0192.pdf

Characterization of Virulence Plasmids and Plasmid-Associated Outer Membrane Proteins in Shigella
flexneri, Shigella sonnei, and Escherichia coli (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC264854/pdf/iai00139-0350.pdf

Chimeric genes as dominant selectable markers in plant cells (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC555219/pdf/emboj00259-0177.pdf

Comparison of Epidemiological Markers Used in the Investigation of an Outbreak of Methicillin-Resistant
Staphylococcus aureus Infections (1983), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/1983-antibio-staph-hosp.pdf

Disinfection of Bacteria and Viruses by Sludge Heat-Treatment Process at Sand Island WWTP, O'ahu,
HCI1J)ai'i (1983), http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10125/2683/3/wrrctmr71.pdf.txt

Drug Resistance and R Plasmids in Escherichis coli Isolated from Laboratory Animals (1983)
http://rms1.agsearch.agropedia.affrc.go.jp/contents/JASI/pdf/society/26-3618.pdf

Effects on Cattle from Exposure to Sewage Sludge (EPA) 600/S2-83-012 (1983)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1983-cattle.pdf

Effect of Animal Grazing on Water Quality of Nonpoint Runoff in the Pacific Northwest (EPA) 600/S2-83-
071 (1983), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1983-cattle-grazing-runoff.pdf

Effect of Chlorine Treatment on Infectivity of Hepatitis A Virus (1983)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/3/1983-chlorine-viruse.pdf

Effect of Livestock Pasturing on Nonpoint Surface Runoff. (EPA) 600/S2-83-011 (1983)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1983-cattle-nonpoint-source.pdf

Epidemic of gastroenteritis caused by oysters contaminated with small round structured viruses (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1549936/pdf/bmjcred00581-0044.pdf

Expression of bacterial genes in plant cells (1983)
http://www.pnas.org/content/80/15/4803.full.pdf

Hemorrhagic Colitis Associated with a Rare Escherichia coli Serotype. (1983)
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM198303243081203

Incidence of Bacterial Enteropathogens in Foods from Mexico (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC239381/pdf/aem00165-0040.pdf

Influence of Sewage Treatment and Urbanization on Selection of Multiple Resistance in Fecal Coliform
Populations (1983), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC239292/pdf/aem00164-0237.pdf

Invasive Salmonella dublin Infections Associated With Drinking Raw Milk
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1983-salmonela.pdf

Laboratory Investigation of Hemorrhagic Colitis Outbreaks Associated with a Rare Escherichia coli
Serotype (1983), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1983-E-coli-0157-study.pdf

Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Indexing of Escherichia coli to Identify High-Risk Sources of Fecal
Contamination of Foods (1983), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC239283/pdf/aem00164-
0175.pdf

Outbreak of Shigella Dysentery in Eastern Zaire, 1980-1982 (1983)
http://lib.itg.be/open/asbmt/1983/1983asbm0059.pdf

Self-Transmissible Plasmids in Staphylococci That Encode Resistance to Aminoglycosides (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC185106/pdf/aac00196-0078.pdf

Six Widespread Bacterial Clones Among Escherichia coli Kl Isolates (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC347943/pdf/iai00142-0333.pdf

Starvation-Survival Patterns of Sixteen Freshly Isolated Open-Ocean Bacteria (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC242413/pdf/aem00172-0383.pdf

Study of Microbial Aerosols Emitted from a Water Reclamation Plant (EPA) 600/S1-83-013 (1983)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1983-aerosols-treatment-plant.pdf

Survival and Implantation of Escherichia coli in the Intestinal Tract (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC348005/pdf/iai00143-0208.pdf

Transfer of Resistance Plasmids from Staphylococcus epidermidis to Staphylococcus aureus: Evidence
for Conjugative Exchange of Resistance (1983),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC221678/pdf/jbacter00249-0057.pdf

Vero Cell Toxins in Escherichia coli and Related Bacteria: Transfer by Phage and Conjugation and Toxic
Action in Laboratory Animals, Chickens and Pigs (1983)
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/129/10/3121.pdf

Work related symptoms among sewage workers. (1983)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1069330/pdf/brjindmed00055-0085.pdf

1984
A Cytophaga Species Endotoxin as a Putative Agent of Occupation-
Related Lung Disease (1984), http://iai.asm.org/cgi/reprint/43/1/213.pdf

Association of Metal Tolerance with Multiple Antibiotic Resistance of Bacteria Isolated from Drinking
Water (1984), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC240203/pdf/aem00163-0052.pdf

Bacterial conjugation in the digestive tracts of gnotoxenic chickens (1984)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC239740/

"Biological Health Risks Associated with the Composting of Wastewater" ,(1984)
http://nepis.epa.gov/EPA/html/DLwait.htm?url=/Exe/ZyNET.exe/20016T3V.PDF?
ZyActionP=PDF&Client=EPA&Index=1981 Thru 1985&File=D%3A%5CZYFILES%5CINDEX%
20DATA%5C81THRU85%5CTXT%5C00000013%5C20016T3V.txt&Query=Biological%
20Health%20Risks%20Associated%20with%20the%20Composting%20of%
20Wastewater&SearchMethod=3&FuzzyDegree=0&User=ANONYMOUS&Password=anonymo
us&QField=pubnumber%5E%22600S184014%
22&UseQField=pubnumber&IntQFieldOp=1&ExtQFieldOp=1&Docs=

Characterization of Sewage Sludge and Sewage Sludge-Soil Systems (EPA) 600/S2-84-046 (1984)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1984-sludge-grain.pdf

Comparison of Methods of Enumerating Coliforms After UV Disinfection (1984)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC241597/pdf/aem00155-0025.pdf

Construction of Plasmid Cloning Vectors for Lactic Streptococci Which Also Replicate in Bacillus subtilis
and Escherichia coli (1984)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/reprint/48/4/726

Conversion of Sewage Sludge to Oil by Hydroliquefaction (EPA) 600/S2-84-010 (1984)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1984-conversion-oil.pdf

Correlation of Elastase Production by Some Strains of Aspergillus fumigatus with Ability to Cause
Pulmonary Invasive Aspergillosis in Mice (1984),
http://thewatchers.us/Invasivepathogens/3201984study.pdf

Effects of Sewage Sludge on Corn Silage and Animal Products (EPA) 600/S2-84-075 (1984),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1984-effects-corn-silage-animals.pdf

Effect of Chlorination on Antibiotic Resistance Profiles of Sewage-Related Bacteria (1984) ( increase the
proportions of antibiotic-resistant, potentially pathogenic organisms)
http://thewatchers.us/Antibioticresistants/picrender1984chlorineRfactor.pdf

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli of classic serotypes associated with infant diarrhea: epidemiology and
pathogenesis. (1984), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6386503

Escherichia coli K5 Antigen in Relation to Various Infections and in Healthy Individuals (1984)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC271034/pdf/jcm00127-0202.pdf

Evaluation of Health Risks Associated with Wastewater Treatment and Sludge Composting (EPA) 600/S1-
84-014 (1984), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1984-health-compost-workers.pdf

Evidence for the role of copper in the injury process of coliform bacteria in drinking
water.(1984), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC241505/pdf/aem00153-0053.pdf

Human Pathogenic Viruses at Sewage Sludge Disposal Sites in the Middle Atlantic Region (1984)
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/reprint/48/4/758.pdf

Incompatibility Groups of R Plasmids in Escherichia coli Isolated from Animal Waste (1984),
http://rms1.agsearch.agropedia.affrc.go.jp/contents/JASI/pdf/society/30-1344.pdf

Injury and Improved Recovery of Coliform Bacteria in Drinking Water (EPA) 600/S2-84-166 (1984)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1984-injury-recovery-bacteria.pdf

Long-Term Use of Sewage Sludge on Agricultural and Disturbed  Lands (EPA) 600/S2-84-128 (1984),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1984longtermusesludge.pdf

National Survey of Elements and Other Constituents in Municipal Sewage Sludges (1984)
only 7 of the 30 municipal sludges analyzed would be considered suitable for land application
http://www.springerlink.com/content/r584m08468q5310x/fulltext.pdf

Plasmid transfer from Escherichia coli to Bacteroides fragilis: Differential expression of antibiotic
resistance phenotypes (1984), http://www.pnas.org/content/81/22/7203.full.pdf

R-Plasmid Transfer in Salmonella spp. Isolated from Wastewater and Sewage-Contaminated Surface
Waters (1984), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC241533/pdf/aem00153-0199.pdf

Respiratory viruses and sudden infant death.(1984)
http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/288/6429/1491

Retrospective Epidemiological Study of Disease Associated with Wastewater Utilization (EPA) 600/S1-84-
006 (1984), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1984-retrospect-study-wastewater.pdf

The Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of Municipal Sewage Sludge (EPA) 600/S1-83-016 (1984)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1984-mutagenicity.pdf

Toxicologic studies associated with the agricultural use of municipal sewage sludge and health effects among
sewage treatment plant workers (1984),
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WPT-
4DBJ56W-9&_user=10&_coverDate=09%2F30%
2F1984&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050
221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=2fe6d7f8032fc8b8f690975f3721b5aa&searchtype=a

Viruses in Water and Reclaimed Wastewater (EPA) 600/S1-83-018 (1984)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1984-viruses-water-reclaimed-water.pdf

1985
Bacteria of Public Health Significance Associated with Fish Reared in Treated Wastewater (EPA) 600/S1-
85-012 (1985) http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1985-bacteria-fish-reclaimed-water.pdf

Changes in virulence of waterborne enteropathogens with chlorine injury.(1985)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC238635/

Criteria and Recommendations for Land Application of Sludges in the Northeast
HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL SEWAGE
SLUDGES (1985)
http://deadlydeceit.com/AcuteToxicity.html

Effect of an Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Plant on Ambient Air Densities of Aerosols
Containing Bacteria and Viruses (EPA) (1985)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/picrendertreatmentplantaersols.pdf

Enhancement of Growth of Aerobic and Facultative Bacteria in Mixed Infections with Bacteroides Species
(1985), http://thewatchers.us/infections/picrenderbacteriaenhancenent.pdf

Epidemiology of Virulence-Associated Plasmids and Outer Membrane Protein Patterns Within Seven
Common Salmonella Serotypes (1985)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC261932/pdf/iai00115-0183.pdf

High Efficiency Transformation of Cultured Tobacco Cells (1985)
http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/reprint/79/2/568.pdf

Injury by Heavy Metals in Escherichia coli (1985)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/x560v27l2x2264vv/fulltext.pdf

Interactions between Heterotrophic Plate Count Bacteria and Coliform Organisms (1985) (Pseudomonas,
Sarcina, Micrococcus, Flavobacterium, Proteus, Bacillus, actinomycetes, and yeasts have been shown to
suppress coliform detection)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC238554/

Large Plasmids Associated with Virulence in Shigella Species Have a Common Function Necessary for
Epithelial Cell Penetration (1985),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/11/1985-shigella-e-coli.pdf

Occurrence of multiple-antibiotic-resistant enteric bacteria in domestic sewage and oxidation lagoons
(1985), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC291771/

Reoviruses in Water Pollution Testing (EPA) 600/S1-84-022 (1985)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1985-reovirus.pdf

Risk Assessment of Wastewater Disinfection (EPA) 600/S2-85/037 (1985)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1985-risk-assessment-disinfection.pdf

Shiga-Like Cytotoxin Production by Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Serogroups (1985)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC261520/pdf/iai00118-0351.pdf

Technical-Economic Study of Sewage Sludge Disposal on Dedicated Land (EPA) 600/S2-84-167 (1985),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1985sludge-dedicated-land.pdf

Thermophilic Bacteria: a New Cause of Human Disease (1985) Emphysema, organic brain syndrome,
Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, Rheumatic heart disease, Cerebral embolism, fulminant meningitis,
septic meningitis, Upper respiratory tract infection,
http://thewatchers.us/PDF_files/thermophiles-pathogens.pdf

Transfer of Plasmids pBR322 and pBR325 in Wastewater from Laboratory Strains of Escherichia coli to
Bacteria Indigenous to the Waste Disposal System (1985)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC238454/pdf/aem00149-0112.pdf

Triggering infections in reactive arthritis, (1985)
http://ard.bmj.com/content/44/6/399.abstract

Viable but Non-Culturable Vibrio cholerae and Related Pathogens in the Environment: Implications for
Release of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms (1985)
http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v3/n9/abs/nbt0985-817.html

Viruse Removal During Conventional Drinking Water Treatment (EPA) 600/S1-85-017 (1985)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1985-virus-removal-drinking-water.pdf

Wastewater reuse and exposure to Legionella organisms (1985)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V73-48C77Y9-
PB&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%
2F1985&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrI
d=1556076389&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5
=e55e6faa507417ba625e41aab41126c1&searchtype=a

1986
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE IN PIGS FOLLOWING A 13 YEAR BAN (1986)
http://jas.fass.org/cgi/reprint/62/Supplement_3/18.pdf

Assessment of In Vivo Revival, Growth, and Pathogenicity of Escherichia coli Strains after Copper- and
Chlorine-Induced Injury (1986),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC239122/pdf/aem00133-0238.pdf

Characterization of Heat-Stable Enterotoxin from a Hypertoxigenic Escherichia coli Strain That Is
Pathogenic for Cattle, http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1986-scours.pdf

Complete Amino Acid Sequence of Shigella Toxin B-chain (1986) (produces neurotoxins)
http://www.jbc.org/content/261/30/13928.full.pdf

Cloning and Characterization of the DNA of a New Human
Papillomavirus from a Woman with Dysplasia of the Uterine Cervix (1986)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/papillomavirus.pdf

Conjugative Transfer of Staphylococcal Antibiotic Resistance Markers in the Absence of Detectable
Plasmid DNA (1986), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/1986-antibio-bacteria.pdf

Development of a Qualitative Pathogen Risk Assessment Methodology for Municipal Sludge Landfilling
(EPA) 600/6-88-006 (1986),  http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1986-Gerba-landfill-risk.pdf

Effect of Chlorine on Chromium Speciation in Tap Water (EPA) 600/M-86/015 (1986)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1986-chlorine-CR3-CR6.pdf

Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Associated
with Escherichia coli O157: H7 (1986)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00000787.htm

Expression in plants of two bacterial antibiotic resistance genes after protoplast transfonnation
with a new plant expression vector (1986)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC311596/pdf/nar00283-0287.pdf

Health Effects of Land Application of Municipal Sludge (EPA) 600/S1-85-015 (1986)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/5/1986-health-effects-kowal.pdf

Human Viruses in Sediments, Sludge and Soil. (WHO) (1986)
http://libdoc.who.int/bulletin/1986/Vol64-No1/bulletin_1986_64(1)_1-14.pdf

Inactivation of Enteric Pathogens During Aerobic Digestion of Wastewater Sludge (EPA) 600/S2-86-047
(1986),  http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1986-inactivation-pathogens.pdf

Inactivation of Microbial Agents by Chemical Disinfectants (EPA) EPA/600/S2-86/067 (1986
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1981-inactivation.pdf

Investigation of Parasites in Sludges and Disinfection Techniques (EPA) 600/S1-85/022 (1986)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1986-parasites-sludge.pdf

Phenotypic Characteristics of Coliform and Noncoliform Bacteria from a Public Water Supply Compared
with Regional and National Clinical Species
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1986-coliform-non-public-system.pdf

Risk of Infectious  Disease from Use of Sludge on Land and Methods  to Reduce These Risks (EPA)
600/D-86-038 (1986), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1986-risk.257.pdf

Role of Streptococcus mutans in Human Dental Decay (1986)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/Disease/picrender1986strep.pdf

Structure and Dynamics of Anaerobic Bacterial Aggregates [flocs, granules, biofilms] in a Gas-Lift
Reactor (1986)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC239187/pdf/aem00134-0173.pdf

The Lubbock Land Treatment System Research and Demonstration Project: Volume IV. Lubbock
Infection Surveillance Study (LISS) (EPA) 600/S2-86/027d (1986)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/4/1986-lubbock-land-treatment.pdf

The survival of antibiotic-resistant escherichia coli in an activated sludge plant  (1986)
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a906922842~tab=content~order=page

Transfer of Amikacin Resistance by Closely Related Plasmids in Members of the Family
Enterobacteriaceae Isolated in Chile (1986),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC284162/pdf/aac00379-0113.pdf

Viable but nonculturable stage of Campylobacter jejuni and its role in survival in the natural
aquatic environment. (1986), http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/52/3/531

1987
Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus: genetic basis. (1987)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC373094/

Characterization of the herbicide-resistance gene bar from Streptomyces hygroscopicus (1987)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/10/1987-antibio-herbicide.pdf

Endotoxin Promotes the Translocation of Bacteria From the Gut (1987)
http://archsurg.highwire.org/cgi/content/abstract/122/2/185

Glycolipid Binding of Purified and Recombinant Escherichia coli Produced Verotoxin in Vitro* (1987)
http://www.jbc.org/content/262/18/8834.full.pdf

Gram-Negative Bacilli as Nontransient Flora on the Hands of Hospital Personnel (1987)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/15/1987-hospital-acquired.pdf

Health Among Municipal Sewage and Water Treatment Workers (1987)
http://tih.sagepub.com/content/3/3/311.abstract

HEALTH effects associated with wastewater treatment, disposal, and reuse. (1987)
http://deadlydeceit.com/Dangerous_career.html

Mobilization of Plasmid pHSV106 from Escherichia coli HB101 in a Laboratory-Scale Waste Treatment
Facility (1987), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC203733/pdf/aem00121-0057.pdf

Multiyear Study of Sludge Application to Farmland: Prevalence of Bacterial Enteric Pathogens and
Antibody Status of Farm Families (1987), http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/OHIOstudypath.pdf

Occurrence of multiple antibiotic resistance and R-plasmids in gram-negative bacteria isolated from
faecally contaminated fresh-water streams in Hong Kong (1987)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2235376/pdf/epidinfect00003-0063.pdf

R-Plasmid Transfer in Soil (1987)
http://www.springerlink.com/content/n452443445145174/fulltext.pdf

Regrowth of Salmonellae in Composted Sewage Sludge (EPA) 600/S2-86/106 (1987)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1987-Salmonella-regrowth-compost.pdf

RELATIONSHIP OF ADHERENT BACTERIAL BIOFILMS TO PERITONITIS IN CHRONIC AMBULATORY
PERITONEAL DIALYSIS (1987).
http://www.pdiconnect.com/cgi/reprint/7/3/168.pdf

Survival and Transport of Pathogens in Sludge-Amended Soil : A Critical Literature Review (EPA)
600/S2-87/028 (1987), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1987-survival-sludge-soil.pdf

Survival Strategies of Bacteria in the Natural Environment (1987)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC373117/pdf/microrev00050-0073.pdf

Traditional enteropathogenic Escherichia coli of infantile diarrhea.(1987)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3547577


1988
Animal Viruses, Coliphages, and Bacteria in Aerosols and Wastewater at a Spray Irrigation Site (1988)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/picrenderaersolsspray.pdf

Development of a Qualitative Pathogen Risk Assessment Methodology for Municipal Sludge Landfilling
(EPA) 600/S6-88/006 (1988), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1988-pathogen-risk-landfill.pdf

Effect of Wastewater Disinfectants on Survival of R-Factor Coliform Bacteria (EPA) 600/S2-87-092
(1988), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/1988-r-factor-coliform.pdf

Experimental Infection of Phlebotomus Papatasi with Sand Fly Fever Sicilian Virus (1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2849886

Factors Promoting Survival of Bacteria in Chlorinated Water Supplies (1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC202520/pdf/aem00108-0033.pdf

The Fate of Chromium (III) in Chlorinated Water (EPA) 600/S2-87/100 (1988)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1988-chlorine-cr6.pdf

High-Level Resistance to Gentamicin in Clinical Isolates of Streptococcus (Enterococcus) faecium (1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC175912/pdf/aac00089-0090.pdf

Human Experimentation (The EPA Times) 000N88003 (1988)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/9/1988-EPA-Times.pdf

In vitro and in situ conjugal transfer of an R-plasmid among enterobacteriaceae species isolated from
meat samples (1988),
www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T2W-476W35H-
81&_user=10&_coverDate=02%2F28%
2F1989&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrI
d=1538949963&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5
=26e87aca5dc80faaeb704cd42fd6565c&searchtype=a

Neurotoxic effects of solvent exposure on sewage treatment workers. (1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3415351

Occurrence of Pathogens in Distributed and Marketing Municipal Sludges (EPA) 600/S1-87/014 (1988)
(Los Angeles County Sanitation Department Research)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1988-Occurance-pathogens-DM-sludge-abstract.pdf

Pathogenic micro-organisms and helminths in sewage products, Arabian Gulf, country of Bahrain.(1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1349186/

Plasmid Frequency Fluctuations in Bacterial Populations from Chemically Stressed Soil Communities
(1988), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC202835/pdf/aem00114-0048.pdf

Qualitative Pathogen Risk Assessment for Ocean Disposal of Municipal Sludge (EPA) 600/S6-88/010
(1988), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1988-ocean-pathogen-risk.pdf

Survival of Coliforms and Bacterial Pathogens within Protozoa during Chlorination
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/2/1988-survival-in-protozoa.pdf

The occurrence of antibiotic resistant coliforms in the waste water of a water treatment plant (1988)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3223110

The Stability and Mobility of Mutagenic Activity from Wastewater and Sludge in Agricultural Soil (EPA)
600/S1-88/002 (1988), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1988-mutagentic-stability.pdf

Transferable Amikacin Resistance in Acinetobacter spp. Due to a New Type of 3'-Aminoglycoside
Phosphotransferase (1988),
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC172089/pdf/aac00080-0055.pdf

Trace Organics and Inorganics in Distribution and Marketing Municipal
Sludges,                                         EPA/600/S1-88/001 - 1988
http://www.p2pays.org/ref/19/18588.pdf

Virulence of Escherichia coli in Relation to Host Factors in Women with Symptomatic Urinary Tract
Infection (1988), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC266644/pdf/jcm00080-0047.pdf

1989
A Rotten Fish Story (EPA) (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/environment/Rottenfishstoryandcartoon.pdf

Ammonia-induced injury in pure cultures and natural populations of coliform bacteria (1989)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2693200

Characterisation of human thyroid epithelial cells immortalised in vitro by simian virus 40 DNA
transfection (1989), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2247263/pdf/brjcancer00122-0093.pdf

Cloning and Partial DNA Sequencing of Two New Human Papillomavirus Types Associated with
Condylomas and Low-Grade Cervical Neoplasia (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/pathogens/papillomavirus3.pdf

Factors Effecting Conjugal Transfer of Plasmids Encoding Mercury Resistance from Pure Cultures and
Mixed Natural Suspensions of Epilithic Bacteria (1989)
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/135/2/409.pdf

Fractionation of Mutagens from Municipal Sludge and Wastewater 600/S1-89-001 (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1989-mutagentic.pdf

Genetic Engineering of Enhanced Microbial Nitrification (EPA) 600/M-89/011 (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/1989-genetic-eng.pdf

Hair chromium as an index of chromium exposure of tannery workers (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1989-cr3absorption-tannery.pdf

Inhibition of Endotoxin-induced Bacterial Translocation in Mice (1989)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC303949/pdf/jcinvest00088-0042.pdf

Irrigation-Induced Water Quality Problems, Committee on Irrigation-Induced Water Quality
Problems, National Research Council (1989),
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/6/1989-irrigation-induced.pdf

Isolation of Enterovirus and Reovirus from Sewage and Treated Effluents in Selected Puerto Rican
Communities (1989), http://thewatchers.us/EPA/7/1988-viruses-sewage.pdf

Occurrence of drug-resistant bacteria in communal well water around Port Harcourt, Nigeria (1989)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2249474/pdf/epidinfect00016-0194.pdf

Properties of Adherence Factor Plasmids of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and the Effect of Host
Strain on Expression of Adherence to HEp-2 Cells (1989)
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/135/5/1123.pdf

Proposed 503 regulation
Federal Register list of EPA documented disease organisms in sludge - biosolids.
http://deadlydeceit.com/1989_503_pathogens.html

Federal Register list of EPA documented cancer causing chemicals in sludge - biosolids
http://deadlydeceit.com/1989_503_cancer_list.html

Prospective Survey of Colonization and Infection Caused by Expanded-Spectrum- -Lactamase-Producing
Members of the Family Enterobacteriaceae in an Intensive Care Unit (1989)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC267156/pdf/jcm00072-0279.pdf

Survival of Pseudomonas putida UWC1 containing cloned catabolic genes in a model activated-sludge
unit. (1989), "The possibility of the accidental or deliberate release of genetically engineered
microorganisms into the environment has accentuated the need to study their survival in, and effect on,
natural habitats."
http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/55/10/2627

Thermal Analysis of DNA and RNA in Relation to Thermal inactivation of Infective Agents in Foods (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/13/1989-heat-inactivation.pdf

Total [Enterobacteriaceae] Coliform Rule: A Quick Reference Guide (EPA) 816F01035 (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/1/1989-total-coliform-rule.pdf

Toxic Torts as Absolute Nuisances (1989)
http://thewatchers.us/EPA/14/Toxic-tort-review.pdf